Drummond Ancestry

Includes Drummond, Earls of Lennox, (de) Menteith, Lindsay, Stewart, (de) Graham, Earls of Strathearn, d'Aubigny and Montifex

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Sources:

Origin of the Drummonds

"It being in the preface fufficiently made appear, that the Hungarian gentleman, Maurice Drummond (who came into Scotland with Queen Margaret the Saint), was the first root of that family, from whom have grown a numerous offspring" and was the first Thane or Senescall of Lennox who lived 27 years "and with his ſoveraigne Lord the Drummond, p. 26).

"Malcolme Drummond, the eldeſt sone of Maurice the Hungarian, succeeded to be the ſecond Thane or Senefcal of Lennox. ... Maurice Drummond, the sone of Malcolme, was the third Thane or Seneſcall of Lennox, and contemporarie with King David... John Drummond, the sone of Maurice, was the fourth Thane or Senescall of Lennox. ... He had a sone who succeeded, called Sir Malcolme Drummond... was the fyfth Thane or Senescall of Lennox" (Drummond, pp. 27-28).

Yet according to The Highland Clans (1967) by Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk and David Hicks, as referenced at Geni.com, the Drummonds do not appear on record before 1271.

"The first undoubted ancestor of the Drummonds waa Malcolm Beg, who appears as Seneschal of Lennox about 1225.

"The early Drummonds were evidently closely related to the ancient Celtic earls of Menteith, whose Arms of three ways bar they bore differenced only by colour, and in whose family burial place at least one Drummond - of age by 1248 - was buried beneath a fine stone carved with his effigy in Celtic armour.

"Their first undoubted ancestor [of the Drummonds] to be so far traced for certain was 'Maelcolum Beg' or 'Little Malcolm', who was obviously of West Highland birth and appears in still extant charters as seneschal of Lennox from about 1225.

"His two sons are recorded as 'of Drummond' and his grandson seems to be the first one to have made Drummond into a surname."

~Source: Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk and David Hicks, The Highland Clans (1967) as mentioned at Geni.com

↓ The Drummond line is below.

 
Clan Drummond
Na Druimeanaich

License/Source

Crest: On a crest coronet Or, a goshhawk wings displayed Proper, armed and belled Or, jessed Gules

License/Source

Motto: Virtutem coronat honos (Honour crowns virtue)

Wikipedia: Clan Drummond

Muiredach mac Muredach, Mormaer of Levenax (Lennox)
b. ca. 1100, Dunbartonshire, Scotland
d. ca. 1139, Scotland
Alwyn Oge de Levenax, 1st Earl of Lennox
b. ca. 1130, Inchmurrin Isle, Loch Lomond, Dunbartonshire, Scotland
d. ca. 1199, Scotland
Alwyn "The Younger" de Levenax, 2nd Earl of Lennox
b. ca. 1165, Dunbartonshire in Scotland
d. ca. 1217, Dunbartonshire in Scotland

Eve de Menteith, Countess of Menteith
b. ca. April 1168, Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland
Her father Gilchrist de Menteith, 1st Earl of Menteith is seen below.


m.

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Malcolm II Drummond, 5th Thane of Lennox
b. 1150
1200
"flourished in the Reign of William I. Lord Strathallan ... designates him as Fifth Thane or Seneschal of Lennox" (Drummond, p. 260)


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Mauldouen of Lennox, 3rd Earl of Lennox
b. ca. 1186, Inchmurrin Isle, Loch Lomond, Dunbartonshire, Scotland
d. 12 March 1251, Dunbartonshire, Scotland
Elizabeth Stewart
m.
Malcolm Beg (the Little) Drummond, Chamberlain of Lennox
b. ca. 1200, Dryman, Stirlingshire, Scotland
d. 1259, Dryman, Stirlingshire, Scotland
Ada of Maldwin of Lennox
b. ca. btwn 1208-1210, Dunbartonshire, Scotland
d. 1260

The years of her birth are questionable (???) given her son's years, though we know she was Ada, daughter of Maldwin, 3rd Earl of Lennox, in 1225, when her to-be husband Malcom Beg Drummond witnessed a charter of Maldwin (Drummond, p. 260).
m.
  ↑?   Ancestry through parents
Walter Stewart,
3rd High Steward of Scotland,
and
Bethóc nic Gille Crist,
Countess of Angus

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Menteith

Wikipedia

Note: The brother of Maurice 'the Younger' Menteith was Maurice 'the Elder' de Menteith, 2nd Earl of Monteith, whose shiled is above.

Gilchrist de Menteith, 1st Earl of Menteith
b. 1140, Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland
d. 1178, Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland
Note: His daughter Eve de Menteith is above.
Maurice 'the Younger' Menteith, 3rd Earl of Menteith
(Muireadach ll Menteith, 3rd Earl of Menteith)
b. in Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland
d. before January 1234 Perth, Perthshire, Scotland
Mary
b. in Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland
d. in Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland
m.
 
According to Geni.com, David de Graham's father was William de Graham and his mother was Matilda (d'Aubigny) De Graham, possibly a daughter of William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, and the widowed Queen Adeliza of England, who took him for her second husband; Matilda is NOT the daughter of Melisende de Rethel. However, neither William de Graham or Matilda (d'Aubigny) De Graham have Master Profiles and therefore lack sources.
David de Graham
b. ca. btwn 1150-1174, Montrose Castle, Scotland
d. Kinnabar, Forfarshire, Scotland
Amabel de Faunes
b. Scotland
d. after 1200, Scotland
m.


Second Seal of Gille Brigte from a Charter to Abbey of Inchaffray

(public domain)



Ferquhard de Strathearn, 2nd Earl of Strathearn
(Ferteth, Ferchár)
b. ca. 1125, Ruthven, Angusshire (now Angus), Scotland
(m. Ethne)
d. 1171, Scotland
Gilbert, 3rd Earl of Strathearn
(Gille Brigte)
b. ca. 1150, Strathearn, Perthshire, Scotland
d. ca. 1223, Strathearn, Perthshire, Scotland
Lady Matilda d'Aubigny, Countess Consort of Strathearn
(Matilda Albini)
b. ca. 1153, Belvoir Castle, Leicestershire, England
d. ca. 1210, Perth, Perthshire, Scotland
m.
                                                                                               
Sir Malcolm Drummond, 7th Thane of Lennox
b. ca. 1208, Drymen, Stirlingshire, Scotland
d. 1278, Drymen, Stirlingshire, Scotland
m. Margaret of Lindsay
b. at Craigie Village near Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland
d.
  Walter "Bailloch-Freckled" Stewart, Earl of Menteith
b. btwn 1225-1230, Scotland
d. ca. 29 June 1294, Inchmoh Island, Loch Rusky, Stirlingshire, Scotland
m. Mary of Menteith, Countess of Menteith
b. ca. 1225, Menteith, Rusky, Perthshire, Scotland
d. ca. 1286, Dundonald, Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland
  David Graham of Dundaff
b. ca. 1185, Kinnabar, Forfarshire, Scotland
d. 1247, Dundaff Castle, Fisherton, Dunure, Ayrshire, Scotland
m. Agnes Nobles
b. 1190, Fife, Scotland
d. 1245
    Robert, 4th Earl of Strathearn
b. before 1176, Strathearn, Perthshire, Scotland
d. August 1244, Ruthven, Perthshire, Scotland
                                    Sir Richard Montifex
b.
d. after 1211
m.
b.
d.
                                                       
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  Sir John Drummond, 8th Thane of Lennox
b. after 1240, Drymen, Stirlingshire, Scotland
d. ca. 1301, Dryman, Stirlingshire, Scotland
m.

John "swore feallty to King Edward I. in 1296; was carried prisoner of England and released the following year on condition of serving Edward in his wars in France, in 1297" (Drummond, p. 260).

Elena Stewart of Menteith
b. 1254, Dunbartonshire, Scotland
d. 1351
      Sir Patrick Graham of Kincardine
b. ca. 1235, Leitchtown, Perthshire, Scotland
d. 28 April 1296 -- killed at the Battle of Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland
m. Annabella of Strathearn
b.
d. after 28 August 1296
Source: The Scots Peerage, p. 245
                              Sir William Montifex, of Monifex
b.
d. after 1227
m.
b.
d.
                                     
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  Malcolm "fought in the Battle of Dunbar in 1296, where he was captured by the English.2 In 1301 he was again captured by the English" (The Peerage). Malcolm Drummond, 9th Thane of Lennox
b. after 1270
d. ca. 1325
"He disginguished himself at the battle of Bannockburn. ... He left by his wife, the daughter of Sir Patrick Graham of Kincardine -- a son" (Drummond, p. 260).
m. a daughter of Sir Patrick Graham
b.
d.
                          Sir William Montifex of Montifex
b.
d.
m.
b.
d.
                   
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      Malcolm Drummond, Lord Of Tuilliecraven, 10th Thane of Lennox
b. after 1296, Stobhall, Inchmahome/Cargill, Perthshire, Scotland
d. 17 October 1346, Neville's Cross, Battle of Durham, Durham, England
m.                 Sir William de Montifex, Baron of Cargill
(Sir William Montifex, of Auchterairder)
b. circa 1305, Stobhall, Cargill, Perth, Scotland
d. 1366, Auchterarder, Perth, Scotland
m. Margaret de Clare??
b. circa 1275, Clare, Suffolk, England
d. 1346, Aldgate, London, England
The Geni.com curator was told that Mary was Mary Fitzgilbert de Clare, but she cannot find a person of that name marrying a William Montifex.    

Geni.com originally had missing generations here. Refer to this Geni.com discussion for details. Summary: Looking at the generations from John Drummond (below) back to Malcolm Beg Drummond, I had seen differences between Geni.com and the book The Genealogy of the Most Noble and Ancient House of Drummond (pp. p. 260 and 261): Geni.com originally had John 11th of Lennox, son of Malcolm, son of Sir Malcolm (6th Seneschal), son of Malcolm Beg, while the book has John, son of Malcolm, son of Malcolm, son of John, son of Malcolm, son of Malcolm Beg -- a two-generation discrepancy. However, Geni.com curator Erica Howton researched and cleaned that up, adding clarification. As a result, my research continued using both the book and Geni.com as references.

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"Sir John Drummond ... who by his marriage with the eldest daughter and co-heiress of Sir William de Montefex, ... obtained the lands of Stobhall, Cargill & which were conferred to him by royal charter from David II, together with the office of baillerie of Abthain of Dull, in Athole. By her he had four sons and four daughters, the eldest of whom was Annabella Queen of Scotland" (Drummond, p. 261). John Drummond of that Ilk, 11th Thane of Lennox
(Sir John Drummond of Stobhall)
b. 1318, Inchmohomo Isle, Lake of Monteith, Scotland
d. 1373, Concraig, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Burial: Aberfoyle, Stirling, Scotland
m. Mary Montifex, co-heiress of Montefichet
(Mary Montifex, Heiress of Stobhall)
b. circa 1324, Stobhall, Cargill, Perth, Scotland
d. after January 31, 1375, Scotland
       
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descendants through daughter
Annabella Drummond
via marriage to
Robert III (John Stewart),
KING OF SCOTLAND
         
Developed in February/March 2021.