Snapp/Schnepp/Schneppff, Stephens/Steffen, Ammel, Roesch/Rösch, Dutt/Dut/Dutte/Thut/Toot

Sources:

  • Daniel Bly (Much thanks to Daniel Bly for his research on this lineage of our shared ancestry!):
  • Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Volume 1, 1727-1775, pp. 107-112, by Ralph B. Strassburger, 1934
  • Frederick Findings, Volume 1, No. 2, published by the Lineage Search Associated, Arlington, Virginia, 1988
  • Early Troop Records 1755-1756 in Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Book 18, p. 412
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Stephens_(pioneer)
  • http://newtownhistorycenter.org/town-history/beginnings-1732-1783/
  • http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ruthhall/Stephens/Stephens.html
  • Sons of the American Revolution Record for Lawrence Snapp
  • Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR): Lawrence Snapp
  • DHR – Virginia Department of Historic Resources » 085-0029 Snapp House
  • WikiPedia: Fishers Hill, Virginia
  • Strasburg, Virginia: Our History in Post Cards by Gloria Stickley
  • Ann Brown -- Shenandoah Valley Interwoven Families
  • The Stephens Family, with Collateral Branches by Edward Stephens Clark (1892)
  • History of the Valley of Virginia by Samuel Kercheval (1833)
  • Any others noted in the page.
  •          
    Claus Ammel
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    Diebolt (Theobald) Ammel
    ("Clausen Diebolt" Ammel)
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    The "en on the end of a name in the old German is possessive and Theobald (Dieboldt an alternate spelling) and so Theobald was a son of Claus and since there was another Dieboldt/ Theobald in the village they had to keep them straight."            
          Hans Ammel
    of Illwickersheim (now Ostwald)
    m. 26 September 1574 Sophia Ammel
    of Illkirch
                     
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    Hans Rösch
    Catherina Magdalena
    (maiden name unknown)
    m.
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    Hans Schnepp (Schneppff)

    Germany 1500s

    Theory:
    Daniel Bly has theorized that this Hans Schnepp was a Johannes "Hans" Schnepp (b. 1582; bapt. 14 February 1582, sponsored by Georg Ammel) who was son of Wolff Schnepp and his first wife Elsbeth Veltin (m. 18 May 1579). Elsbeth must have died soon after giving birth to Hans because in 1583 Wolff married Barbara Mersch, and there is no indication of children from his second marriage. There's no proof or other evidence that would give any support to this theory, other than the fact that Wolff Schnepff or his wives sponsored a number of Ammel children between 1580 and 1594. Unfortunately, there is a gap in Illkirch records from 1594 to 1620. So, this remains theory. However, more findings make a strong suggestion below:

      Hans Ammel
    "Hans the younger"
    "Sophia's Hans"
    "Suffeys Hans",
    a fisherman in Illkirch
      Anna
    (maiden name unknown)
      Paul Rösch (Roesch),
    a fisherman in Illkirch
      Anna
    (maiden name unknown)
           
    b. 1575
    in Alsace, Germany
    (now France)
    d. ?
    Daniel Bly wrote in April 2016 that he tentatively identified Johannes Schnepff / Schnepp, born 14 Feb 1582, son of Wolff Schnepff, as the Hans Schnepp, father of Hans (b. c. 1605). Though no wife for this Johannes (Hans) is listed, he is more convinced than ever that this lineage is correct. Not only was there a close connection with the Ammel family but he found another child of Wolff Schnepff. Though no further children can be found in baptismal records from 1582-1594 in marriage records of Illkirch 1620-1661, he found Anna, daughter of deceased Wolff Schnepff "from here" (i.e., Illkirch), married Adolph Ernst, 24 Oct. 1625. She was widowed and remarried to Wendling Schertzer 21 May 1638 and died 23 March 1643, age 43, since it was early in the year, it is likely she was born 1599 or maybe early 1600 and of course there are no records for that time period. However, Anna Ernst, wife of Adolph was godmother for Brigitta Schwing, at her baptism, February 1630. Brigitta Schwing married Hans Schnepp, son of Hans, at Illkirch 1656. Brigitta was the first wife of our ancestor Hans Schnepp who married Maria Ammel of Illkirch in 1664. Wolff Schnepff write-up provided by Daniel Bly. Write up by Daniel Bly about Hans Schnepp and the Mauser-Götz
    George (Georg/Jörg) Mauser (Müser/Müsser),
    a boat builder at Plobsheim
    d. 1618 or 1619
    Apollonia Wolff
    m. ca. 1605
    Apollonia married again in 1620 to Christmann Götz after her first husband Georg Mauser died. b. 14 January 1588
    d. before September 1633, when his widow sponsored baptism of a child and named as "widow of deceased Hans Ammel, here."
    from Illkirch-Graffenstaden parish records researched by Daniel Bly
    m. b. ca. 1586-1587
    d. 22 Sept 1656, age 69, at Illkirch
      b. 5 January 1589 at Illkirch
    d. 24 September 1642 at Illkirch
    m. b. ca. 1589-1590
    d. 21 November 1664, age 74
           
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    Hans Schnepp Hans Schnepp (1600/5-1670) was a shepherd. He is burried near Ingeheim or Melsheim in Alsace, Germany. Apollonia Mauser   Hans Ammel,
    a fisherman
      Maria Roesch (Rösch) "Illkirch and Graffenstaden were two small Alsatian villages a few kilometers south of Strasbourg (now in France) that now form one town and have always constituted a single parish .Plobsheim, where Hans Schnepp was born is nearby. Many of the men in these villages were fishermen because these villages are in the flood plain of the Ill and Rhine Rivers that run parallel to each other. There are many lakes and ponds in the area created by the meandering of the rivers. The city of Strasbourg was a good market for their catches." - Daniel Bly, correspondence 15 March 2016
    b. 1600/5
    in Alsace, Germany
    (now France)
    d. 1670
    m. 16 November 1629
    Plobsheim, Alsace, Germany (now France), near Strasbourg
    b. 1606
    d. 12 September 1640
      b. ca. 1612-1617
    d. 26 March 1667 in Illkirch
    m. 27 June 1642 at Illkirch b. ca. 1615-1616
    d. 3 March 1688, age 72
           
    Hans married Maria Helffer 9 May 1641.             |
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    Anna was Simon's second wife. His first wife Magdalena Muller died without children.



    Hans Haber (d. 12 April 1610) from the Ruprechtsau (Robertsau), son of Simon Haber

    m. 12 September 1604

    Aurelia Willer, daughter of Hans Willer
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    Hans Weber


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    Simon Haber, a wagon driver in Strassburg
    b. 21 July 1604
    d. 8 March 1682
    Anna Maria Weber
    m. 29 July 1634
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    Ulrich Hanns of Alteckendorf
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      Johannes (Hans) Schnepp   Maria Ammel   Johannes (Hans) Haber   Anna Barbara Hans
    (Barbara Hanns)
        Gabriel Stäffen (Steffen)   Barbara Bär (Bar)    
    Hans first wife, Brigitta Schwing, died 5 December 1663 at Graffenstaden. b. 24 January 1633
    in Entzheim, Germany
    d. 16/17 December 1701
    in Pfaffenhoffen (Pfaffenhaffen), Germany
    m. 14 May 1664 in
    Illkirch-Graffenstaden (Germany)
    b. 20 May 1645
    at Illkirch
    d. 1 February 1683
    at Waltenheimb (Germany)
      b. 27 May 1640
    baptized at Saint Pierre le Jeune (the new St. Peter's)
    d. 2 March 1714
    Alteckendorf
    m. ? b. ca. 1648-1649
    d. 19 January 1712,
    age 63
        b. ?
    d. ?
    m. ? b. ?
    d. ?
       
                                 
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    Most family trees have Thomas Dutt listed as Georg Thomas Dutt, but in the records of Gries and a few mentions at Schwindratzheim, he is just "Thomas" Dut, Dutte, or Thut
    Thomas Dutt
    (Dut, Dutte, Thut),
    shepherd at Gries
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    Georg Dutt,
    a shepherd
    b. 22 March 1629 at Gries
    Anna Kern
    d. 1675
    m. 24 June 1650
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    Georg and Anna Dutt "had a large family and many Dutts intermarried with Schnepps all over northern Alsace" (source: correspondence with Daniel Bly). Georg's family goes on back into the Rhineland north of Alsace. After Anna's death, Georg went to Flacht near Weissbach, about 60 miles directly east in Wuerttemberg, not too far from Abstatt, where Thomas came from. Georg and Anna are also ancestors of the 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama. Despite preferences, history is history. Refer to the right for more detail → |
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    "There's gotta be one in every family!" ;) Here are the respective lineages to the Dutt ancestry I share with Barack Obama (most recent generation first, sources: 1, 2):
    Barack Hussein Obama
    Ann Dunham (1942-1995)
    Madelyn Lee Payne (1922-2008)
    Rolla Charles Payne (1892-1968)
    Della L. Wolfley (1863-1906)
    Robert Wolfley (1834-1895)
    George Wolfley (1807-1879)
    Anna Maria Toot (c1786-1841)
    George Toot (1759-1813)
    David Toot/Dutt (1727-1792) - Dutt changed to Toot in PA in 1750s
    David Dutt (1698-1735)
    Johannes (Hans) Dutt (1661-1737)
    Georg (1629-1690) and Anna (Kern) Dutt
    James "Jamie" Arthur Johnson
    Carolyn Fisher
    Otto Woodrow Fisher (1914-1992)
    Otto Keiter Fisher (1880-1942)
    Charles Florence Fisher (1855-1917)
    Isaac Fisher (1814-1866)
    Susanna Juliana Snapp (1789-1853)
    Peter Snapp (1754-1789)
    Lawrence Snapp (Lorentz Schnepp) (1723-1782)
    Barbara Dutt (1700-1758)
    Philip Dutt (ca. 1655-1726)
    Georg (1629-1690) and Anna (Kern) Dutt
        Lorentz Schnepp   Anna Catherina Haber   Philipp Dutt   Christina
    (maiden name unknown)
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        b. 20 May 1669
    in Pfaffenhoffen, Germany
    d. 6 March 1732
    buried in Gumbrechshoffen, Germany
    m. 13 September 1689
    in Eckendorf (later Alteckendorff), Germany
    b. 3 March 1668 in Eckendorf (later Alteckendorff) (Bas-rhin, France)

    d. 29 October 1725
    in Breunsheim - Geisweiller Parish
    (Bas-rhin, France)
      b. ca. 1655 at Gries in Alsace
    d. 15 October 1726 at the home of a daughter and son-in-law in Zoebersdorf
    Philipp was a shepherd in Schwindratzheim, Germnay, which is near Alteckendorf, Germany
    m. ? b. ca. 1660-1661
    d. 23 Feb. 1736, age 75, at Zutzendorf
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          John Snapp, Sr.
    (Johannes Schnepp)
      Barbara Dutt   Hans Peter Steffen (Peter Stephens, also seen as Stephen and Stephan)

    Founder of Stephens City, Virginia
    Peter Stephens is known for founding present-day Stephens City, Virginia. Besides his birth in Swabia, little is known about Stephens before 1699 when he and his parents emigrated to America on William Tell's second shipload of families for the purpose of populating the then Colony of Pennsylvania. After spending some years in the Skippack Creek area outside of Philadelphia, PA, Peter migrated to what is now Frederick County, Virginia, with other German Protestants as early as 1732, establishing the Opequon Settlement, a group of homesteads around the Indian Road or Great Philadelphia Wagon Road (U.S. Route 11). He would settle south of present-day Winchester, Virginia (which would not be founded for several more years past Stephens arrival). After buying 674 acres from Jost Hite, the act of which was challenged by land baron Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, though settled amicably between Lord Fairfax and Stephens, Peter settled and founded, then unofficially called "Stephens town", in the early 1730s. It would be later chartered by the Virginia General Assembly at the request of his son Lewis (Ludwig) and called "Stephensburgh". Today, "Stephensburgh" is called Stephens City. Peter was naturalized in Williamsburg on October 31, 1743. His wife, Maria Christina, would have seven children, four sons and three daughters, six of whom would be born in Frederick County, Virginia. Only their first son, Lewis (Ludwig Stephen), was born possibly in New York and it was Lewis who married Mary Rittenhouse, not Peter. Stephens died at the age of 70 in 6 December 1757, just under a year before the town he founded would become chartered in October 1758.
    Sources:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Stephens_(pioneer)
    http://newtownhistorycenter.org/town-history/beginnings-1732-1783/
    http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ruthhall/Stephens/Stephens.html
    Maria (Mary) Christina
    (maiden name unconfirmed)
     
      John Snapp, Sr., arrived in American with his family in Philadelphia, PA, on 17 August 1733 on the ship Samuel, Hugh Perry, Master to Philadelphia. He swore oath of allegiance to the British Crown on 17 August 1733 (Source: Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Volume 1, 1727-1775, pp. 107-112, by Ralph B. Strassburger, 1934). He is listed as a foot soldier in the company commanded by Captain Lewis Stephens who was discharged in a list of Frederick Co., VA, soldiers in the French and Indian War (Source: Frederick Findings, Volume 1, No. 2, published by the Lineage Search Associated, Arlington, Virginia, 1988. Also found in Early Troop Records 1755-1756 in Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Book 18, p. 412). b. 1 December 1695
    in Duntzheim, Alsace, Germany
    Peter was baptized 9th of Mar 1687 and sponsored by Peter von Kennill of Steinsfurt. He was confirmed in the Reformed Church at Steinsfurt, Pentecost Sunday 1699.
    d. 19 March 1762
    in Frederick Co., VA, where he had settled by 1735 (and he was a 1732 immigrant)
    m. 7 February 1719
    in Schwindratzheim, Germany
    Wedding Record
    b. 14 February 1700at Schwindratzheim
    d. 20 November 1758
    in Frederick Co., VA
      b. 3 March 1687
    in Steinsfurt, Heidelberg County, Electoral Palatinate (present day Germany)
    d. 6 December 1757
    m. ca 1730
    in Germantown, PA
    b. ca. 1692
    d. after 1757
    in Frederick Co., VA
     
                       
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    Geni.com: Shenandoah Valley Settlers

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        Jacob Copenhaver   Susanna
    (maiden name unknown)
    Lawrence Snapp and his wife, Margaret Stephens, were very early settlers of Shenandoah Co., VA. They were married about 1745 in Frederick Co., VA. He was a patriot in the Revolutionary War - being a Captain in the Shenandoah County Militia. He was the s/o Johannes Schnepp whose will can be found in Will Book 3, page 35 and dated Nov. 30, 1761 in Frederick Co., VA. The Schnephs were from Alsace, Germany. Due to their early arrival in this area, it is easy to see that this family had many early connections to other families of the area. Descendants of this family married into the Baker (Becker), Speagle (Spiggle), Hockman, Wendle, and Keller families. Source: Shenandoah Valley Interwoven Families. Lawrence Snapp (Lorentz Schnepp), Sr.


    Revolutionary War Service: Furnished supplies to the army (Source: DAR)

    Sons of American Revolution Record
    Lawrence Snapp arrived in American in Philadelphia, PA, on 17 August 1733 on the ship Samuel, Hugh Perry, Master to Philadelphia. He, his father and brother, John Snapp, Jr., were naturalized 5 November 1746 in Winchester, VA. Lawrence was a Captain of the Dunmore County, Virginia, Militia in the Revolutionary War. He was also an elder in St. Paul's Lutheran Church in Strasburg, Virginia. He owned at least one slave named Hannah. Margaret Stephens (Margaretha Stephan)  
        b. ?
    d. ?
    m. ? b. ?
    d. ?
      b. 1723
    in Mulhausen, Alsace, Germany
    He aquired the land that would become Fishers Hill.
    d. May 1782
    in Shenandoah County, Virginia
    m. ca. 1745 in Frederick County, Virginia

    His home, the Snapp House, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 (source: WikiPedia). "This late 18th-century log farmhouse is one of Shenandoah County’s best representatives of the Continental-type central-chimney dwellings built by the area's German-speaking settlers. The Germanic tradition is evident in the hillside setting, with the original four-room or Kreuzhaus plan log section built over a strong spring. This log section also features complex roof framing. An 1824 stone wing and the remains of a springhouse/kitchen add to the picture of early German-American life in the Shenandoah Valley. The exact construction date of the original section is unknown, although it is likely that the house was built by Lawrence Snapp ca. 1750, when he arrived in the Valley from Pennsylvania. The house has been carefully restored in recent years" (source: Virginia Dept. of Historical Resources).
    b. ca. 1724-1725
    d. 1801
    in Shenandoah County, VA, about age 77
     
                       
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        Catherine Copenhaver   Peter Snapp



    Revolutionary War Patriot
    Peter Snapp was on the muster list of Alexander Machir's Militia Company from Strasburg District of Shenandoah County, Virginia, during the Revolutionary War.  
        b. 16 January 1763
    d. 23 July 1846
    in Shenandoah Co., VA,
    buried at Funk Cemetery, Fishers Hill, VA
    m. 11 March 1782 b. 1754
    in Frederick Co., VA
    d. December 1789
    in Shenandoah Co., VA

    "Fishers Hill is the high steep hill that you encounter when you go south of Strasburg on Rt. 11. It was originally the site of John Funk's Mill on Tumbling Run, which flows by the foot of the hill.

    The property was later acquired by Lawrence Snapp, who left the land to his son Peter, who died in 1789, leaving the land to his two daughters, Margaret and Susanna as well as his wife, Catherine. Susanna got the land along Tumbling Run, including the old mill site and the hill.

    Peter's widow Catherine who later married Jacob Funk lived further up Snapp's Run, and Margaret sold her share to Funk. Susanna Snapp married David Fisher in 1805 and he took over the old FUnk Mill and operated it for the next sixty years.

    During that time the hill where the Valley Pike crossed Tumbling Run and ran up the face, became known as Fishers Hill.

    The name more or less became permanent because it was labeled 'Fishers Hill' on maps made during the Civil War. (Courtesy of Daniel W. Bly)"
    (p. 63, Strasburg, Virginia: Our History in Post Cards by Gloria Stickley).

                 
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    descendants through daughter Susanna Juliana Snapp via her marriage to David Fisher
         
                       +-----------------+
    Hans       George  | GERMANY (1500s) |
    Schnepp    Mauser  +-----------------+
    (Schneppff)   |
    (b. 1575)     |
    Alsace        |
    (France)      |
    Germany       |
      |           |
      |           |       
    Hans      Apollonia   Hans Schnepp (1605-1670) was a shepherd.  He  
    Schnepp + Mauser      is buried near Ingenheim or Melsheim in Alsace, 
    (1600-  | (1606-      GERMANY.  He married Apollonia 16 Nov. 1629 at  
     1670)  |  12 Sept    Plobsheim, Alsace, GERMANY -- near Strasbourg.  
    Alsace  |  1640)
    (France)|
    Germany |
            Johannes   Maria       Hans    Anna    
            (Hans)   + (b.1644;    Haber + Barbara
            Schnepp  | d. 1 Feb.         | Hans
    (b. 24 Jan. 1633)| 1683 at           |
    (d.16/17Dec.1701)|Waltenheim,        |
    He was born in   |GERMANY            | 
    Entzheim and died|           +-------+
    in Pfaffenhoffen |           |
    (Pfaffenhaffen)  |           |  
    m. 22 Sept. 1656 |           |
    Pfaffenhaffen    |           |
                     |           |
                     |           |
                     |           |
               Lorentz   + Anna Catherina
               Schnepp   |    Haber            Philipp  + Christina
    +--------------------+---------------+     Dutt     |
    |b. 20 May 1669 at   |b. 3 March 1668|   +----------+-----------+
    |Pfaffenhoffen,      |at Alteckendorf|   |Philipp was a shepherd|
    |GERMANY.            |GERMANY.       |   |in Schwindratzheim,   |
    |d. 6 March 1732;    |d. 29 Oct. 1725|   |Germany, which is near|
    |buried in GERMANY in|Breunsheim -   |   |Alteckendorf, Germany.|
    |Gumbrechshoffen     |Geisweiller    |   +----------+-----------+
    |                    |Parish.        |              |
    |m. 13 Sept. 1689 in Alteckendorff   |              |
    +--------------------+---------------+              |
                         |                              |
                         |                              |
                         |    **Note:  Alteckendorf     |
                         |    was Eckendorf in the 17th |
                         |    century.**                |
                         |                              |
                         |                              |
                         |                              |
                         |            +-----------------+
                         |            |
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                 John Snapp, Sr. + Barbara  Peter    + Christina
              (Johannes Schnepp) | Dutt     Stephens | (maiden name
    +----------------------------+----------+        |  unknown)
    |b. 1 Dec. 1695 at           |b. 1699   |        |
    |Duntzheim, Alsace, GERMANY).|Mulhausen,|        |
    |d. 19 March 1762 in         |Alsace,GER|        |
    |Frederick County, Virginia).|d. 20 Nov |        |
    |John Snapp, Sr., had settled|1758 in   |        |
    |in Frederick County,        |Frederick |        |
    |Virginia, by 1735.          |Co., VA   |        |
    +----------------------------+----------+        |
    |m. 7 February 1719 in Schwindratzheim,|         |
    |GERMANY. CLICK HERE FOR WEDDING RECORD|         |
    +----------------------------+---------+         |
     See immigration note below. |                   |
     Swore oath of allegiance to |                   |
     the British Crown on 17     |                   |
     August 1733 (Source:        |                   |
     Pennsylania German Pioneers,|                   |
     Volume 1, 1727-1775 pages   |                   |
     107-112 by Ralph B.         |                   |
     Strassburger 1934). Listed  |                   |
     as a foot soldier in the    |                   |
     company commanded by Capt.  |                   |
     Lewis Stephens who was      |                   | 
     discharged in a list of     |                   |
     Frederick Co., VA, soliders |                   |
     in the French and Indian    |                   |
     War. (Reference)            |                   |
                                 |                   |
                                 |                   |     Jacob      Susanna 
                                Lawrence      +  Margaret  Copenhaver    |      
     Lawrence Snapp arrived in     Snapp         Stephens     |          |
     America in Philadelphia       +----------+---------+     +--+-------+
     on 17 August 1733 aboard      |b. 1723   |1725-1801|        |
     the ship "Samuel" Hugh        |Mulhausen,|         |        |
     Perry, Master to Phila., PA.  |Alsace,   |         |        |
     He, his father, & brother     |GERMANY   |         |        |
     John Snapp, Jr., were         |d. May    |m. approx|        |
     naturalized 5 Nov. 1746       | 1782 in  |1745 in  |        |
     in Winchester, VA.            |Shenandoah|Frederick|        |
     Lawrence was a captain of     |County, VA|County,VA|        |
     Dunmore County, Virginia,     +----------+---------+        | 
     Militia in the Revolutionary             |                  | 
     War. He was also an elder in             |                  |
     St. Paul's Lutheran Church               |                  |
     in Strasburg, Virginia. Owned            |                  |
     at least one slave named Hannah.         |                  |
                                              |                  |
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                                            Peter        Catherine   
                                            Snapp   +    Copenhaver  
    Peter Snapp was on the       (b. 1754 at Frederick   (b. 16 Jan. 1763)
    muster list of Alexander      County, Virginia)      (d. 23 July 1846 at 
    Machir's Militia Company     (d. Dec. 1789 in         Shenandoah Co., VA--
    from Strasburg District       Shenandoah Co., VA)     Funk Cemetery, 
    of Shenandoah County, VA,    (m. 11 March 1782)       Fishers Hill, VA)  
    during the Revolutionary War.