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Researched since 1986.
Online since 1996.
click to go Introduction
click to go How to Navigate
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click to go News & Research (including how to get started)
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click to go Last Names in my Genealogy (with finder links)
click to go DNA information
click to go Generations list
click to go You be the judge: Genealogical look-alikes?
click to go The Wall of Shields
click to go Helpful Links
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click to go Who's in the background image?
click to go Testimonials
click to go Fun - Genealogies from Fiction and other fun stuff! :)
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The Family Tree of
James Arthur Johnson

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During the summer of 1986, a young James "Jamie" Arthur Johnson was inspired to search for his family heritage. He saw the pictures and heard the stories on the television during the centennial of the Statue of Liberty. These were pictures and stories of immigrants, "First Americans," the heritage of the storytellers. Since 1986, Jamie and his mother have done quite a bit of research in family history. By 1994, Jamie had traced a considerable part of his tree on paper, the document being the predecessor of this website. Jamie has drawn from many sources to compile this on-line family tree, which launched in 1996. The sources are listed below.

Jamie's most current research is detailed at the News & Research page. You can also learn about how to get started on your own research there.

How to Navigate

There are several ways to get around the tree. You can click and view the family tree and scroll and click from there if you know where you are going. Another option is by using the sitemap, which is a tree-navigation layout overview of all files in the site arranged hierarchically, but this, too, may be a challenge for those unfamiliar with the tree. A third option is using the surnames to navigate. Here, you get an alphabetical listing of all the surnames in the ancestry, and there are finder links with all of them so that you can go directly to the page of the site with that name. A final option is to use the built in search functionality on the site, where you can enter a name or date or whatever and it will list links to pages for you. Note: Most pages on the site are a bottom-up tree with the more recent people at the bottom and those further in the past at the top of the page. There are a few pages that are left-to-right trees with the left being more recent people and those further in the past being at the right. Most pages on this site are not suited for small devices since they follow a detailed tree structure (though pages like this one, Generations and You be the judge are adaptive for mobile devices). On many pages in the lower right hand corner, you will see this:

This is a quick means of getting back to the top of the screen where the menu is.

click to go View family tree

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Fascinating Facts

The furthest back I've traced

The furthest my current tree traces back with certainty is to the 1200s to the first documented member of the (de) Skene family, John de Skene, who "swore fealty to Edward I in 1297" (p. 19, Clan Skeen by A.T. "Tom" Skeen). Another line traces back to Eadnoth the Constable (a.k.a. Eadnoth the Staller), The Thane of Gloucester, b. ca. 1030-1035 in Bristol, England, though there are some questionable dates in the line going back to him. My tree possibly traces back to the 4th century (300s) to a man named Tegid (Research Note). He may have had the Roman name Tacitus. Tegid was the ancestor of generations of Welsh Kings beginning with his great-grandson Cunedda. Tegid is 55 generations prior to me, making him possibly my 53rd great-grandfather. One source, if it can be trusted, would take Tegid's ancestry back to the 1300s B.C., but that is even more speculative than Tegid himself. Historically (per the site), the following had been my earliest traced possible ancestors:

And if Viking legends could be trusted as reliable histories, then I would have my genealogy traced back to the first century.

However, if the work of John O'Hart could be trusted, then I would have my ancestry back to the Biblical Adam. While we are all truly descended from Adam through his descendant Noah, O'Hart's work eventually enters into Irish legends, mythology and pseudo-history of ancient Ireland.

Notable Relatives

I have at least 5 gateway ancestors to possible royalty: John "The Rebel of Albemarle" Culpeper (though he being my ancestor is in question), William Charles, Agnes Forbes DeSkene and William and Mary (Cuthbert) Hearne. If their ancestries can be further researched and confirmed, then my being descended from royalty (including Charlemagne) could be confirmed.

I have multiple ancestors who are veternas of the American Revolution and multiple ancestors who are veterans of the American Civil War

I am possibly descended from Charlemagne, from Alfred the Great, from Hugh Capet, from Lady Godiva, from Vikings, from various royal lines as well as from witnesses and surties of the Magna Carta.

I am possibly related to Princess Diana, possibly to Queen Elizabeth, and possibly to William the Conqueror.

If research can be verified, I am a distant cousin to Alexander J. Hamilton, 1st Secretary of the United States Treasury. I am also a distant cousin to the 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama. Regardless of preference, history is history. And there is a chance that I am also more closely related to other U.S. Presidents due to our shared heritage with Hugh Capet. Granted, we're all related back far enough. I just like to know how.

Related Letters:


Sure, many in the West are descended from him (and other royalty per this article and this article), but let me tell of the multiple ways I am possibly descended directly from him:

Charlemagne is my 35th great grandfather possibly 1 time, my 36th great grandfather possibly 2 times, my 37th great grandfather possibly 11 times, my 38th great grandfather possibly 6 times, my 39th great grandfather possibly 6 times, my 40th great grandfather possibly 9 times, my 41st great grandfather possibly 4 times and my 42nd great grandfather possibly 2 times.

This also means it is possible I am multiply his distant cousin many times removed and that he is my many degrees of great uncle in multiple ways.

For details, refer to this online Excel spreadsheet.

And there still may yet be another line through the wife of William I of Provence: Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou.

Here is the larger picture of the possible paths within my family tree to Charlemagne:

Alfred the Great

As seen from above, I am possibly (Research Note) descended from Alfred the Great [Learn more].

Hugh Capet

As seen from my ancestry to Charlemagne, I am possibly (Research Note) descended from Hugh Capet [Learn more].

William the Conqueror

I am possibly related to William the Conqueror through my Newby ancestry.

Lady Godiva

I am possibly (Research Note) descended from Lady Godiva [Learn More].

Magna Carta

Three possible ancestors (Research Note) and definitely one -- of my ancestors were witnesses of the Magna Carta (1215) and each played a role as a surety of the Magna Carta:

Princess Diana

The late Princess Diana (Spencer) of Wales, is possibly (Research Note) my distant cousin through our common Culpeper ancestry.

Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II's 32nd great grandfather Ranulf I is possibly (Research Note) my 36th great grandfather, meaning that at the very "least" I am possibly Queen Elizabeth II's 34th cousin 4 times removed. :)

Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States

Despite preferences, history is history. Through Obama's maternal grandmother, I am a distant cousin to Obama. Specifically, he is my 10th cousin once removed. This is through our common Dutt ancestry with our common ancestors being Georg and Anna (Kern) Dutt. They are my 9th great grandparents and his 10th great grandparents. Here are the respective lineages to the Dutt ancestry I share with Obama (most recent generation first, sources: 1, 2):

Barack Hussein Obama
Ann Dunham (1942-1995)
Madelyn Lee Payne (1922-2008)
Rolla Charles Payne (1892-1968)
Della L. Wolfley (1863-1906)
Robert Wolfley (1834-1895)
George Wolfley (1807-1879)
Anna Maria Toot (c1786-1841)
George Toot (1759-1813)
David Toot/Dutt (1727-1792) - Dutt changed to Toot in PA in 1750s
David Dutt (1698-1735)
Johannes (Hans) Dutt (1661-1737)
Georg (1629-1690) and Anna (Kern) Dutt
James "Jamie" Arthur Johnson
Carolyn Fisher
Otto Woodrow Fisher (1914-1992)
Otto Keiter Fisher (1880-1942)
Charles Florence Fisher (1855-1917)
Isaac Fisher (1814-1866)
Susanna Juliana Snapp (1789-1853)
Peter Snapp (1754-1789)
Lawrence Snapp (Lorentz Schnepp) (1723-1782)
Barbara Dutt (1700-1758)
Philip Dutt (ca. 1655-1726)
Georg (1629-1690) and Anna (Kern) Dutt

Alexander J. Hamilton, 1st Secretary of the United States Treasury

Alexander Hamilton and I share a common ancestor in Sir David FitzWalter Hamilton who is Alexander's 12th great grandfather and my 21st great grandfather (if research can be verified). This makes me Alexander Hamilton's 13th cousin 9 times removed (if research can be verified). Here are our respective ancestries back to David FitzWalter Hamilton:

Alexander John Hamilton (1757-1804)
James A. Hamilton, Sr. (1718-1799)
Alexander Hamilton of Grange (ca. 1654-)
John Hamilton of Grange (ca. 1620-1695)
Sir John Hamilton of Grange (1606-1675)
John Hamilton of Grange (1570-1662)
Alexander Hamilton of Grange (1540-1658)
David Hamilton of Grange (1521-1590)
John Hamilton of Cambuskeith (ca. 1504-1547)
Alexander Hamilton of Cambuskeith (ca. 1475-1513)
John Hamilton of Cambuskeith (1450-1489)
James Hamilton of Cambuskeith (1425-)
David Hamilton of Cambuskeith (1386-1436)
Walter Hamilton (1339-1402)
Sir David fitz Walter (FitzWalter) Hamilton (1310-1378)


James "Jamie" Arthur Johnson
William Herman Johnson (1929-2010)
Herman Edwin Johnson (1902-1972)
Norman Harris Johnson (1867-1955)
Titus Winbourne Johnson (1837-1913)
Allen Harris Johnson (1817-1905)
Nancy Charity Skeen Johnson (1792-1858)
Jacob Skeen (1769-1835)
Matthew Skeen (1737-1814)
Matthew Skene (1677-1749)
John Skene (1649-1690)
Alexander Skene (1621-1693)
Robert Skene II (1591-1643)
Robert Skene (1564-1625)
Gilbert Skene (1538-1604)
Alexander Skene (1517-1604)
Alexander De Skene (1498-1573)
Agnes Forbes De Skene (1482- )
Gillie "Egida" Keith Forbes (1424-1482)
Mary (Marjory) Hamilton Keith (ca. 1400- )
James Hamilton (1393-1441)
John Hamilton, knight (1371-1402)
David Hamilton, knight (1335-1388/1392)
Sir David fitz Walter (FitzWalter) Hamilton (1310-1378)



My possible (Research Note) Viking ancestor Erik the Victorious, while a historic King of Sweden, has an ancestry mostly in legend and myth including Odin (Óδinn, Wóden, Wöden, Wuotan, Wodan, Wotan - also seen here), Brunhilda, ancestors found in Beowulf such as Hrothgar and Fróδi (Froda, Frode, Frotho, Frodo), figures who influenced the naming of characters in J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings (The hobbit Frodo and the dwarves Durin and Dwalin) and both a giant and giantess.

I have Viking ancestry in my Capetian lineage, in my Vermandois lineage, in my Stewart / De Angus (ancestry of Scottish Royalty) lineage and in that line's ancestry in my De Brusse - De Brittany ancestry as well as further back into legend, pointing to Norse mythology, including the namesake for Gandalf in J.R.R. Tolkien's works. And because Viking surnames were often based on the father's first name, many of the surnames in my ancestry are Viking surnames.

Other Royal Lines

In addition to possibly (Research Note) being descended from the Robertians, Capetians and Carolingians, I am also possibly (Research Note) descended from other royal lines: ancient Irish kings (Leinster lineage and De Brusse - De Brittany ancestry and according to legend, those with Scandinavian origins), Swedish and Slavic/Polish kings, kings of Wales and kings of Scotland including Robert I "The Bruce". Some of this is pending verification.

Other fascinating facts

I have two direct ancestors with maiden name Maria Catharina Ruhlman, and it took some time and research to arrive at the conclusion that they were indeed two different women. One married Jacob Zorn and was born 1726 in what is now West Virginia, and one married Johann Caspar Eckhardt and was born in 1723 in the Palatinate in what is now France and died in what is now West Virginia.

One of the surnames in my tree means "Red King."

I am possibly related to Captain Jacob Seybert who, during the French and Indian War, was massacred along with others by Delaware and Shawnee Indians (under the war chief Bemino) at the British settler stockade named for him -- Fort Seybert, in what is now West Virginia.

Among the photographs I have on this site is one of someone born in 1784 -- my great-great-great-great grandmother Catherine Coffman Funkhouser -- found on this part of the tree. Living till 1870, she lived long enough for photography to make its debut.

I am descended from Peter Stephens, founder of Stephens City, VA, and related to Peter Stover, founder of Strasburg, VA.

One of my ancestors T. Winbourne Johnson was wounded 3 times in the American Civil War as well as captured. Not only did he survive the war, but he lived until 1913. And it's a good thing that he survived the war for his son from whom I am descended was born 2 years after the war.

I am connected to both sides of the Lincoln assassination via marriages. On my mother's side (via Coffman), I am related to Joseph Coffman, the husband of President Abraham Lincoln's first cousin, once removed, Abigail Lincoln Coffman. Abigail's husband is brother to my great-great-great-great grandmother Catherine Coffman Funkhouser. On my father's side (via Surratt), I am related to John Harrison Surratt, Sr., the late husband of Mary Elizabeth Jenkins Surratt, and she was hanged for taking part in the conspiracy to assassinate President Lincoln. I am likely John Harrison Surratt, Sr.'s 3rd cousin 6 times removed (John Harrison Surratt, Sr., son of a brother of Samuel Sarratt, son of Alphonsus Sarratt, son of Joseph Sarratt, Jr., son of Joseph Sarratt, the progenitor per details in Some Surratt/Sarratt Families in the United States 1715-1980 by Laura and Norman H. Sarratt, pp. 1-14).

Two siblings and one of their first cousins are all three my direct ancestors, their descendants uniting 5, 6 and 5 respective generations later in my maternal grandmother Hazel Jane Eckard Fisher.

Because my father's (William Herman Johnson) mother is his father's fourth cousin once removed, this makes my father his mother's fifth cousin. This means that I am my father's 6th cousin and I am my own sixth cousin once removed. This is due to my paternal grandparents having a common Kearns ancestor.

One of my ancestors was a mercenary in the 1500s.

My ancestor Otillia Hagman Zuppinger had 11 children, most of whom died in childbirth. Her son Conrad survived and is my ancestor. Further, he also survived as an infant when the plague hit the village in 1629.

Some of my Nicholson ancestors were Quakers and were tried as witches in a town next to Salem, Massachussetts, over 30 years before the infamous Salem Witch Trials. My ancestors survived the ordeal, though they endured extreme hardships.

Several of my ancestors were veterans of the American Revolutionary War:

While all their service is notable, my ancestor J. Michael Luther, Sr., was among the hundreds of men who crossed the Delaware with George Washington.

Several of my ancestors were veterans of the American Civil War:

Additional fascinating facts are available under DNA information.

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Helpful Links

Helpful and interesting links in search of ancestry

click to go

click to go 50 Free Genealogy Sites to Search Today

click to go A Barrel of Genealogy Links -- HUNDREDS OF LINKS!
(This goes to the Wayback Machine ARCHIVE of the site since the site no longer exists as it did.)

click to go Allegheny Regional Family History Society

click to go American Ancestors (New England Historic Genealogical Society)
   • my tree on

click to goThe Ancestor Hunt Blog: North Carolina Online Historical Newspapers Summary

click to go Ancestral Chart - How They Are Related

click to go Ancestral Findings - Free Genealogy Lookups and Family Tree Tips

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   • a partial recreation of my tree on thanks to the tireless work of Cheri Dunaway Smith

click to go Ask the Professional Scotsman

click to go Augusta County History and counties formed from it, including Highland (VA), Pendleton (VA/WV) and Rockingham counties

click to go Behind the Name - meaning, etymology and history of first names

click to go Behind the Name - meaning, etymology and history of last names (surnames)

click to go Big List of Genealogy Links

click to go BillionGraves

click to go Building Your Family Tree Online: A Beginner's Guide to Genealogy

click to go Census Finder

click to go Colonial and State Records of North Carolina

click to go Colony of Virginia 1607-1776 Map

DNA Links:

click to go Daughter of the American Revolution (DAR) Descendants Search

click to go Dead Fred - Genealogy Photo Archive

click to go Denton, North Carolina, History and Photos

click to go Denton, NC History/Photos on Facebook

click to go Family Tree Explained - Quick, Simple & Fun (Archive version)

click to go Family Tree Magazine

click to go Family Tree Maker's Genealogy Site: Home Page

click to go Family Tree Templates

click to go FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service

click to go Find-A-Grave @ (use judiciously)

click to go Find My Past

click to go Find People From the Past: A Genealogy Resource Guide for Kids

click to go Finding Family from Ship's Passenger Lists

click to go Free Genealogy Resources

click to go Free Printable Charts/Records from NEAGS

click to go FreeCen - UK Census Online (with links to FreeBMD and FreeReg)

click to go FTAnalyzer - Family Tree Analyzer checks for errors in GEDCOMs

click to go Fun page (on this site) - Videos and Genealogies from Fiction

click to go Genealogical Relationship Chart with Percentages and centiMorgans (cM)

click to go Genealogical Relationships by Alice J. Ramsay (1987)

click to go Genealogy and the Law: A Layman's Guide to Legalese

click to go Genealogy Research Forms from FamilySearch

click to go GenealogyBank

click to go

click to go Genealogy Gophers

click to go Genealogy In Time Magazine and its helpful Family Tree Relationship Chart

click to go Genealogy On the Web

click to go Genealogy Online

click to go Genealogy Trails History Group - Free historical records and data

click to go Geneanet - Search ancestors, create your family tree and find archival records

click to go The Genetic Genealogist (Dr. Blaine Bettinger)

click to go (use judiciously)

click to go Geni Descendants Report Tool

click to go GenWeb@JRAC - Genealogy of Royalty, US Presidents, the Bible, plus free research tools

click to go Germanic Immigration Records: 1860-1869

click to go Germany -- World Gen Web ( version)

click to go Getting Kids Excited About Family History

click to go Got Genealogy?

click to go Growing A Family Tree - Natalie Ermann Russell, USAWeekend

click to go Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendants - Dedicated to the History & Genealogy of West Virginia

click to go Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendants ( version)

click to go Help Me Trace My Family Tree - Kristina Mastrocola, Woman's World

click to go Highland (VA) Historical Society Documents

click to go Historic Aerials by NETR Online

click to go Historical Records of Pendleton County, West Virginia

click to go History and Genealogy Information Related to Northern Shen. Co., VA

click to go Identify A Photo

click to go Interactive Clan Map of Scotland

click to go International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG)

click to go Irish Family Names

click to go The Irish Genealogical Research Society

click to go Irish Ship Passenger Lists

click to go Jamie's Toolbox click to go

[Details: Uses Census from FamilySearch. For a comprehensive list, please visit]

[Details: Uses's Name Meaning and History Tool at]

[Details: Uses's Surname Documents at]

[Details: Uses Online Genealogy Records from FamilySearch. For a comprehensive list, please visit]

[Details: Uses Online Records from the National Park Service. For more details, please visit]

click to go Last Name Meanings & Origins from

click to go Last Name Meanings and Origins from

click to go Links to Genealogy Sources

click to go Link to the ancestry of Louise Mae Johnson, my bride! (Includes surnames MUZA, STONESIFER, GOUDY, CEKOVICH, and descendants which are German, Scots-Irish, and Serbian from Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia).

click to go Mark and Cyndi's Family Tree
(This goes to the Wayback Machine ARCHIVE of the site since the site no longer exists as it did.)

click to go Medieval Names Archive

click to go Michael Kiser & Mary of Pennsylvania & Virginia

click to go Military Genealogy & Ancestor Search on

click to go Military Genealogy Resources (Archive of Military Genealogy on Just Military Loans)

click to go MyHeritage

click to go NANCE (surname) From Around the World This line needs verification. Still researching.

click to go National Societies of Royal and Noble Ancestry

click to go North Carolina Ancestral Trackers

click to go North Carolina Civil War Roster

click to go North Carolina County Formation Maps (1664-1965)

click to go North Carolina Genealogy on Facebook

click to go North Carolina State Archives - MARS

click to go North Carolina Estate Files, 1663-1979, by county on FamilySearch

click to go North Carolina Estate Files, 1663-1979, Search on FamilySearch

click to go North Carolina, Will Abstracts, 1760-1800 on

click to go Old Deed Terms (Bass River History)

click to go Olive Tree Genealogy - Free Genealogy Records such as Ships' Passenger Lists to Virginia Before 1820

click to go Online Military Indexes

click to go Pendleton County Historical Society

click to go Pendleton County Land Patents

click to go Pendleton County USGenWeb Page (Problems viewing?)

click to go Pendleton County, West Virginia, History and Genealogy

click to go Pendleton Pals - Pendleton County, WV, Genealogy on Facebook

click to go People Search - Locate Ancestors

click to go Presidential Cousins - U.S. Presidents 1-44 are all related! (Problems viewing?)

click to go Relative Finder

click to go RootsWeb Genealogical Data Cooperative

click to go The Shared cM Project version 2.0 (June 25, 2016) chart by Blaine T. Bettinger (The Genetic Genealogist)

click to go Soliders and Sailors Database

click to go The SurnameWeb

click to go The Table of Nations -- The Bible's account of how nations descended from Noah

click to go Tools for Genetic Genealogists - Kitty Cooper's Blog

click to go Trace Your Family Roots From Immigration to US Citizenship

click to go Traveling to Find Your Roots: A Guide to Genealogy Research in Europe

click to go Understand The Difference Between Second Cousins And Cousins Once Removed

click to go Understanding Your Ancestors

click to go U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 on

click to go USGenWeb Project Home Page

click to go Virginia Ancestral Trackers (also refer to resources)

click to go Waggy/Wagy Family History by Theresa Finisdore

click to go West Virginia Online Genealogy Records

click to go West Virginia History OnView

click to go West Virginia map with counties (including neighboring states of Ohio, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Maryland and Virginia)

click to go West Virginia Military Records

click to go West Virginia Pioneers

click to go West Virginia Vital Research Records Search

click to go What Does Your German Surname Say About You?

click to go What's Your Number? Generations

click to go WikiTree

click to go World Gen Web Project

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Sources for the Family Tree of James Arthur Johnson

Quick Select for Sources:

Note: Sources are listed by last name of author or primary contributor where applicable.

0-9 - Ancestry and DNA Research

Back to Quick Select for Sources


Adams, Jaime. Huckstep Genealogy -- Huckstep/Hatch/Pope ancestries.

Mitch Abrams - details regarding his wife's and my ancestor Thomas Vaughn Nance, Sr.

Acker Project on FamilyTreeDNA - information for Early Eckard Ancestry where trees are public and well researched.

Ancestry of Norman Harris Johnson and Julia Pricilla Morris Johnson

Armstrong, Lewis - MyHeritage Family Tree

Arslan, Mark (Michael & Mary Kiser descendant; Kiser History), Cary, NC

Back to Quick Select for Sources


Baird, Robert "Bob" W. Ivey/Ivy/Ivie - Bob's Genealogy Filing Cabinent, particularly the document The Line of Adam Ivey of Charles City County by Robert W. Baird -- helpful for my Ivey/Ivy ancestry

Bastardy Records of Rowan Co. (NC) Court - Surratt ancestry

Baylor, Mrs. James. Information from Mrs. James Baylor, Richmond, Virginia

Bell, Eleanor Parker. The Saga of the Family and Descendants of David Vestal Henley and Eleanor Lassiter of Randolph County, North Carolina (1986) - Lassiter Ancestry and confirmation of some Kearns ancestry

Bisher, Jamie of Bowie, Maryland, great-great grandson of Godfrey Bisher - Bisher Ancestry

Blake, Delana Smith. (Problems viewing?)

Bly, Daniel of Grottoes, Virginia, genealogical researcher, distant cousin, and author:

Bowers, Jack - 5th cousin twice removed, cousin back to Christopher Stophel Eye and Catharine Zorn Eye - (Pendleton Co., WV, ancestry, namely Eye, Eckard, Smith and Waggy)

Boggs, Charles H., Jr. (July 4, 1923 - October 8, 2017. Obituaries: Roanoke Times | Kimble Funeral Home | Daily News Record [also - scanned copy]) -- Son of Beulah Mae Eckard Boggs (sister to Hazel Eckard Fisher) - Eckard History

Borcherding, Sarah Loflin , daughter of Paul Loflin whom I match on FTDNA - Loflin ancestry

Borden. Tombstone Inscriptions, Shenandoah & Page Counties, Virginia

Brobst, Bill. Propsts in America (PDF or DOCX), 2000 - Propst Ancestry

Brown, John (Johannes Braun); translated and annotated by Wust, Klaus; edited in cooperation with Meyerhoeffer, Joseph H. Shenandoah Valley family data, 1799-1813, from the memorandum book of Pastor Johannes Braun, published by Edinburg, VA, 1978

Brown, Matthew (Editor). N.C. Troops 1861-1865, A Roster, Vol. IV. Infantry
(48th Regiment NC Troops - Titus Winbourne Johnson details)

Bruty, David M., Sr. -- Huffman ancestry

Burgner, Walter Courtney, Jr. and Shumaker, Linda. Schnepp-Snapp Family -- ARCHIVE of - Schnepp/Schnepff/Snapp History

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Cameron, Thom, fellow descendant of Thomas Kearns (Kearns ancestry, Titus Winbourne Johnson 1880 Census information, Loflin Ancestry)

Carr, Jeff (descendant of Philip Eckard, Sr., and researcher of Pendleton Co., WV, genealogy - Research of the Stone, Ruleman, Eckard and Zorn families, 13 January 2019) - Eckard ancestry, Simmons ancestry, Smith ancestry, Zorn ancestry

Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia Volume III, Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800 - Skeen Ancestry

Coffman, Tanya Lynn (of whom I am a 5th cousin, once removed) for loaning me Notes on the Kauffman-Coffman families, addressed to her grandfather Mr. G. Bernard Coffman

Crane, Lori. Author of the books of the Culpepper Saga -- Culpeper ancestry

Crummett, Warren Berlin (son of Elmer Pinckney Crummett and Virginia Maude Smith Crummett, daughter of David R. Smith and sister to my great-grandmother Lillie Lou Smith Eckard; Smith/Waggy/Kiser History), Michigan - photo (back of photo)
Ancestors of Lillie Lieu Smith by Warren Berlin Crummett
50th Anniversary of Warren Berlin Crummett and Elizabeth Ann Stathers
Salient Points of my Beloved Parents: Roles as Servitors: Warren Berlin and Elizabeth Ann Stathers Crummett by Allan W. Crummett

The Culpeper Family (Archived Version) - and related pages on the site - Culpeper ancestry

Culpepper Connections by Warren Culpepper and Lew Griffin. - and related pages on the site - used with scrutiny - Culpeper

Custer, Linda (Descendant of Johann Caspar Eckhardt, specifically granddaughter of Jesse Eckard, son of Noah W. Eckard; Eckard history)

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D., S.P., fellow descendant of Charles Florence Fisher - Charles Florence Fisher and Mary Elizabeth Pifer Fisher

Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Genealogical Research System

Davis, Richard Warren. The Stauffer Families of Switzerland, Germany, and America (including Stover and Stauffer) - Stauffer history

Denny, Zeb R., editor; Hammond, Leah and Cranford, Charles Lester (researchers and complilers). FARMER Yesterday and Today -- Published by Wooten Printing Co., Inc. Welcome, NC.(c) 1981 (Johnson and Kearns and Cranford History)

Donahues, Winslows, McCullochs, McCormicks Genealogy: Micajah Lassiter - Lassiter Ancestry

Dyvig, Anne Waggy - fellow Waggy descendant - Adam "Add" and Susan (Kiser) Waggy

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Eckard Family Bible (Arthur Eckard Family Bible)

Eckard, Ron (descendant of Philip Eckard, Sr.), Fuquay-Varina, NC - Eckard History

Eye, Walter L.

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FamilyCentral Family History Services

"Farmer" book - see Denny, Zeb R.

Find A Grave Memorial (Find-A-Grave,, FindAGrave)

Finisdore, Theresa -- Waggy/Wagy Family History - Waggy ancestry

Fisher, Carl. ARCHIVE OF - Fisher Ancestry)

Fisher, Hazel "Ma-Ma" Jane Eckard (My Grandmother, September 24, 1911 - July 3, 2008; In Memoriam), Harrisonburg, VA - maternal grandmother ancestry and pages thereof

Fisher, Jeff, Harrisonburg, VA

Ford, S. (contributor). RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project: Ford-Wortman Tree - Baughman - Funkhouser/Baughman Ancestry

Ford, S. (contributor). RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project: Ford-Wortman Tree - Layman/Lehman - Funkhouser Ancestry

Ford, Susan. Family Tree of Susan Ford on FamilyTreeDNA as we match via DNA and I am her 5th cousin once removed through the Funkhousers. Susan Ford is daughter of [Private], child of Lora Ella Hottel Wortman, daughter of Craven Lynn Hottel, son of Peter Hottel, son of Barbara Funkhouser Hottel, daughter of Christian and Barbara (Layman) Funkhouser, her 4th great grandparents). I am James "Jamie" Arthur Johnson, son of Carolyn Fisher Johnson, daughter of Otto Woodrow Fisher, son of Otto Keiter Fisher, son of Charles Florence Fisher, son of Susan Pitman Fisher, daughter of Esther Funkhouser Pitman, daughter of Christian and Barbara (Layman) Funkhouser (My 5th great grandparents) - Funkhouser Ancestry

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Garber, Ellen Ritchie (great-granddaughter of Mary Frances Miller Nash)

The Genealogical Journal by the Randolph County Genealogical Society (Asheboro, Randolph County, NC)

Genealogical Society of Davidson County, North Carolina. The Heritage of Davidson County when well researched when well researched (use judiciously!)

Gilreath, Amelia C. (Nokesville, VA). Shenandoah County, Virginia, Deed Book Series, Volume 5, Deed Books O, P, Q, 1804-1809, Abstracted, 1991, p. 59 - D. Bk O:456 - Funkhouser Ancestry

Gladwell, Jay. Archive of Gladwell and McClung Family (Simmons/Schmidt/Smith)

Godfrey, Bryan Scott, a descendant of Miriam (Newby) Lamb, sister of my (5x) great-great-great-great-great grandmother Mary (Newby) Morris (Sutton/Tilden Ancestry)

Gransberg, Gwen --fellow descendant of William Symons - Symons and Quaker ancestry

Grogg, Chuck, Harrisonburg, Virginia (Stony Run School 1925 picture).

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Hale, Lyford - provided in July 2009 the following: Maggs-Mayo-Henley Families - Culpeper/Culpepper Ancestry

Hall, David Michael Hall, descendant of J. Milton and Nancy Louisa (Surratt) Hill as well as Richard and Mary "Polley" (Tolson) Loflin - provided unverified maiden surnames for both the Loflin and Hill ancestries.

Hall, Ruth. Descendants of Hans Peter Steffen - Steffen/Stephens ancestry (Problems viewing?)

Hawes, Paul - Antecedents of Paul Hawes (Problems viewing?) - Küchler/Abiß/Löw Ancestry and Rexroad/Rexrode/Rexroth/Recksrodt Ancestry

Hearne, WIlliam T. "Brief History and Genealogy of the Hearne Family", 1907 -- Hearne ancestry

Hedrick, Eric. Eric Hedrick Research - Gruck/Grogg connection and other Pendleton County, (W)VA, ancestors

Hess, Nancy B. The Heartland: Rockingham County by Nancy B. Hess (1976) -- Catherine Coffman Funkhouser

Hevener, Randy (Haeffner, Havenor, Hevener History)

Hillerman, Lisa - fellow descendant of Sarah (Culpeper) Pritchard - her parentage

Hines, Rich. Benjamin and Sarah Morris - Morris ancestry

Hinshaw, William Wade. Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy

Howton, Erica Isabel, curator at - Shattuck ancestry

Hunt, Roger D. The History of the Hunt Family (2011) - Quaker Ancestry: Shattuck, Page, Morris and Newby, Albertson, Nicholson.

Huntington, NY. Huntington Town records, including Babylon, Long Island, N.Y. -- Sutton Ancestry.

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James, Homer Beers (made accessible online by Paul B. McBride). - The Paternal Ancestry of Homer Beers James (Problems viewing?) - information regarding de Braiose history

Jenkins, Robert "Bob" Preston. The Jenkins Family of Virginia: Information about Peter Smith (Smith Ancestry)

Johnson, Beth - my second cousin and daughter of Wayne Johnson, granddaughter of Joseph "Joe" Wheeler Johnson, great-granddaughter of Norman and Julia (Morris) Johnson (my great grandprents, too!), High Point, NC - Johnson/Bisher history

Johnson, Billy C. Johnson / Johnston / Johnstone

Johnson, Carolyn "Mom" June Fisher (Thanks, Mom!), Harrisonburg, VA - maternal ancestry and pages thereof

Johnson, James "Jamie" Arthur - Me of course! :) This is my website after all. Starting this journey in 1986, I've talked to relatives, looked through books and documents, and dug through both boxes and the Internet and been involved in DNA testing and research. This site is the culmination of my genealogical research work. I've written every piece of code on this site, which launched in 1996 (on a different domain and later prior to its move to

Johnson, Samuel "Sam" Houston, Jr. (b. 21 January 1920) of Tucson, AZ, and formerly of Longview, TX, who researched information from Rowan and Davidson Counties, NC - Johnson line

Johnson, William "Dad" Herman (Thanks, Dad! August 17, 1929 - May 11, 2010 - In Memoriam), Harrisonburg, VA - paternal ancestry and pages thereof

Jones, Martha Baker of Toms Brook, Virginia (Fisher History). Remembering Martha.

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Kearns, Charley -- Kearns history

Kearns, Doug of Raleigh, North Carolina (Kearns History)

Kearns, Jr., Eugene "Gene" Kearns of Shallote, North Carolina including Descendants of William Thomas Mosson Keirns, which he compiled - Kearns History

Keffer, James Michael (compiler). Jeremias Keffer(ly) of Shenandoah County, Virginia (Problems viewing?) - Simmons/Schmidt/Smith

Keirn, Sue, 4th great granddaughter of Jonathan Kearns - Kearns ancestry

Kendall, Sarah "Joyce" - Milton and Nancy (Surratt) Hill, Loflin and Luther ancestries

Kiser, James Van Lieu. Valentin and Michael Kayser: Pennsylvania Pioneers and their Descendants in Virginia (2002) -- Kiser Ancestry

Kiser, Karl - great-great-great grandson of Christian and Mary (Smith) Stone (parents of Jacob Stone who married Hannah Trumbo who were in turn parents of Louisa Stone, great grandmother of Karl Kiser) - Smith history

Knell, Elizabeth Johnson (sister Liz, her descendants)

Kudla, Pamela, fellow descendant of Isack and Damaris (Shattuck) Page - Shattuck/Page Ancestry

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LaPlante, Patty - her research and sources at Hicks/Hix Ancestry and Hicks Origins

Lassiter, Janet, 9th cousin and fellow descendant of Robert Lassiter - Lassiter ancestry

Laster, Lynn and Jacobs, Brian. Laster Family Genealogy - Lassiter ancestry

Laymon, Steve (contributor). Layman Family Genealogy Forum: Post 263 and Post 409 - Funkhouser Ancestry

Lomax, Geraldine "Aunt Jerrie" Hill Johnson (My Aunt), Denton, NC - paternal ancestry and pages thereof

Luther, Joseph, The Luthers in the Revolutionary War ( post) as referenced on my page J. Michael Luther, Sr., Revolutionary War Patriot

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MacDow, Stephen, fellow descendant of Alfred Spencer Surratt, Sr. MacDow Family Site - Surratt ancestry

McMahon, Barbara. Descendant of Thomas Nash IV - Nash ancestry

Marble, Martha Mewborn (preparer). Descendants of GEORGE AND SARAH TILDEN SUTTON (10 Jul 2016) (Sutton/Tilden Ancestry)

Meredith, H. Clarkson, BA. Some Old Norfolk Families and others - Nash Ancestry

Miller, Phyllis J. "A New Hypothesis on the Ancestry of Mathew Skeen of Augusta County, Virginia." The Virginia Genealogist (Oct - Dec 2001), pp. 305-309

Morris, Lewis E. of Earlliam, Iowa (Morris History)

Morris, Lewis Ecroyd. Along the way with Benjamin Morris, (1757-1808) and his wife, Sarah, of North Carolina: his forebearers and descendents from before 1680 to 1996 (Also available at Internet Archive) - Morris ancestry

Morton, Oren F.

Mulkin, Clarence - photo (back of photo) (letter to Arthur and Lillie Lou Eckard, 1950: page 1, page 2) - Waggy and Kiser History)

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The Nance DNA Project: Patriarchs This line needs verification. Still researching.

Nance Genealogy Clearinghouse: "A FAREWELL TO ILLOGAN" - Are we actually descended from the St. Clement Nances? (An alternative to the "Nance of Cornwall" theory) - Nance ancestry

Nance, George Washington. The Nance Memorial: A History of the Nance Family in General, But More Particularly of Clement Nance, of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, and Descendants, Containing Historical and Biographical Records with Family Lineage. This line needs verification. Still researching.

NANCE (surname) From Around the World - Nance Ancestry

Nance surname on This line needs verification. Still researching.

The New England Genealogical Society. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume LXX, (1916) -- Huckstep/Hatch/Pope ancestries.

The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society (publisher). The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. Volume XXXIX, 1908. (also linked here). - Syrachs-Titus ancestry in my Skeen ancestry

New Town History Center, Stephens City, VA - Beginnings 1732-1783

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O'Dell, Cecil. Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia, Walsworth Publishing Company, 1995 - Frederick County (Va.), pp.401-402 - Funkhouser Ancestry

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Parker, Mattie Erma E. - NCpedia article "Bird, Valentine" - parentage of Sarah Elizabeth (Culpeper/Culpepper) Pritchard in the Culpeper Ancestry

Parker, Tiffany - Hill and Surratt ancestries

Paul, Sir James Balfour, Lord Lyon King of Arms. The Scots Peerage, founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland - containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom - De Skene Ancestry

Pendleton County Historical Society (WV)

Pitman, Levi. Diaries of Levi Pitman, Alderman Library, University of Virginia

Poff, Jan-Michael Poff, Editor. Upheaval in Albemarle: The Story of Culpeper's Rebellion: Appendix - parentage of Sarah Elizabeth (Culpeper/Culpepper) Pritchard in the Culpeper Ancestry

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Randolph County, NC Geological Society: Concord Township Cemeteries

Randolph County, North Carolina, Marriage Bonds, Early - 1868

Randoloph Co. (NC) Record of Wills, 1829-1848

Rankin, Hugh F., Ph.D., Associate Professor of History, Tulane University (1962). Upheaval in Albemarle: The Story of Culpeper's Rebellion 1675-1689 - Culpeper Ancestry

Ratcliffe, Clyde - professional genealogist - Nash, Harwood - White Stone, VA

Reid, William "Bill" - Johnson Y-DNA Research

Richey, Curt, resident on the property in Randolph Co., NC, likely where Allen Harris Johnson and Titus Winbourne Johnson farmed and ran the grist mill

Ritter, Philip. The Bachman/Baughman D.N.A. Project by J. Ross Baughman - Funkhouser/Baughman Ancestry

Ronczyk, Allison. Letter from Alison Ronczyk to Carolyn Fisher Johnson RE: Eckard Genealogy (Envelope)

Rowan County, North Carolina, Tax List

Royer, Mary Williams (compiler).Database, WorldConnect: dbldfun ("Willliams/Snider/Sewell/Royer/McDaniel Families"). Publication: Online. Text: ABSTRACT OF WILL: My wife, Catharine; my daughter, Elizabeth Sherman; my sons Joseph, John and Benjamin; my daughters Mary Boughman, Barbara Funkhouser, Catharine Wilkins, Ann, Susannah, Christena, Rosanah, and Sarah, My son, Isaac. Godfrey Wilkin and Frederick Woolford, Exe., Written: January 9, 1787, Probated: February 28, 1788 - Funkhouser Ancestry

Runyon, Billie Jo Heater - Crummett ancestry

Rupp. Thirty Thousand Names of Immigrants in Pennsylvania

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Sarratt, Laura and Norman H. Some Surratt/Sarratt Families in the United States 1715-1980 - Surratt Ancestry

Saunders, William L., Secretary of State, collector and editor. The Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. I. - 1662 to 1712 - Culpeper Ancestry

Schneider, Dalles: Schneider Family Site - Family Tree at - Lautenschlager (Lautenschläger) Ancestry

Sexton, Buddy -- articles about Mack Cranford and John Lomax in The Denton Orator.

Sexton, Ms. D.M. (Aunt Nannie Bell Hill Sexton who married Daniel Moses Sexton; she was the late sister of Gertrude Leona Hill Johnson) - Hill ancestry

Seyffert, Gordon - Waggy Genealogy, Kansas City, MO

Shaddock, Philip on our shared Shattuck ancestry

Shaw, Virginia A. "Gin" (researcher and compiler, Descendants of Richard Loflin, 2007, Atlanta, GA - Loflin ancestry

Skeen, A.T. (Tom). Clan Skeen - Skeen Ancestry

Skene, William Forbes, 1809-1892, ed. Memorials of Family of Skene of Skene, from the family papers, with other illustrative documents. Published 1887 by Aberdeen - De Skene history

Smith Collection -- Handley Library, Winchester, Virginia

Smith, Cheri Dunaway - distant cousin, genealogy researcher and enthusiast - Mary Addie Cranford ancestry, particularly Wenborn W. Cranford and Margaret Jane Kearns, and her tireless work on a partial recreation of my tree on

Smith, George M. (who translated and transcribed, 1966). The Parish Register, St. Michael's (Wildfang's Church, Pendleton County, West Virginia, Volume I, 1807-1881.

Smith, Kevin T. -- great-great-great grandson of William L. Smith (Smith History)

Smith, Mildred (compiler). Marriage Records (1730-1779) of Rev. John Casper Stoever, Pennsylvania/Maryland (Archive Version) - John Casper Eckhardt marriage to Maria Catarina Ruhlmann

Smith, William S., Jr. Culpeper's Rebellion: New Data and Old Problems, a paper submitted to the Faculty of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Candidacy for the Degree of Master of Arts in Liberal Studies, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, 1990 - Culpeper Ancestry

Snyder, Paul of Washington, D.C., Noah W. Eckard Genealogy

St. Michael's Lutheran-Reformed Church, Pendleton County, West Virginia, Church register/baptismal book.

Surratt Family Tree ( - Surratt ancestry

Surratt, Harold Allen "Hal" III, second cousin, once removed through my Johnson line as he is son of (Harold) Allen Surratt II, son of Harold Allen Surratt I, son of Vatura Gertrude Johnson Surratt, wife of (Franklin) Gurney Surratt and daughter of Norman Harris Johnson and Julia Priscilla Morris Johnson (my great grandparents); and likely fifth cousin through the Surratt line as he is son of (Harold) Allen Surratt II, son of Harold Allen Surratt I, son of (Franklin) Gurney Surratt, son of Samuel Lewis Surratt, son of James L. Surratt, son of Beverly and "Laney" Surratt - Surratt ancestry

Sutton, John. Sutton Origins - Sutton ancestry

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Trotter, Henry John. Descent of the Family of Skene - De Skene and Skene ancestries

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UB Denomination. The Religious Telescope, publication of UB Denomination 21 Dec. 1853

United States Federal Census

USGenWeb Archives. Marriages PENDLETON CO. WV (Partial) - Eckard Ancestry, Waggy/Kiser Ancestry, Smith Ancestry

USGenWeb Archives. Births various PENDLETON CO. WV (Partial) - Heavener, Waggy/Kiser Ancestry, Smith Ancestry

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VA. Historic Marriage Register, Shenandoah Co.

VaGenWeb. Highland County, Virginia: VaGenWeb Page: Highland Soldiers in the Revolutionary War

Valley Forge Muster Roll

Vitasek, Lynn. My JOHNSON Family Home Page!

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Waggy, John R. From West Virginia to Alaska Via Europe and Asia, © 2004 by John R. Waggy. Revised 2005. Printed in the United States of America by Dehart's Media Services Incorporated. - Waggy ancestry, Propst ancestry, alleged Hoover ancestry and the region that served as home for a time for these ancestors at Sugar Grove, WV

Wagy, Milton - Waggy ancestry

Wardell, Pat (compiler). Early Bergen County Families.

Watford, Christopher M. The Civil War Roster of Davidson County, NC

Wayland, John. History of Shenandoah Co., VA - Bittmann/Pitman history, Waggy and Kiser families when well researched (use judiciously!)

WikiTree when well researched

Wilfong, Norm (descendant of Noah Webster Eckard), Sugar Grove, WV - Eckard ancestry

Wikipedia: Peter Stephens (pioneer) - Steffen/Stephens ancestry

Will of Emanuel Pitman, Woodstock, Virginia

Will of Patrick Henley, copied from the Records of Administrations in Record of WIll office, Book A, Page 258, Philadelphia, Pa.

Williams, Margo Lee. Family historian and author of Miles Lassiter (circa 1777-1850): An Early African-American Quaker from Lassiter Mill, Randolph County, North Carolina: My Research Journey to Home (Sample from Google Books) - Lassiter ancestry and Cranford ancestry

Wills of [Shenandoah] Co. VA, p. #117: Indicates from Page 427, Will of Benjamin Layman - Funkhouser Ancestry

Worth, Carly Bisher. The Bishir Scrapbook - Bisher ancestry

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Yarsinske, Amy Waters. The Elizabeth River - Nash ancestry

And others listed within pages of the tree.

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Last Names in this Genealogy:

(Question mark or otherwise as noted denotes that the surname is unverified)

NOTE: These are only of direct ancestors of James Arthur Johnson.

Links shown with the surnames direct the user to pages where the most recent occurrence of the surname(s) appears in this genealogy. Simply click on the ancestor's name to find additional persons with that surname where applicable. More than one link may appear if there is more than one recent occurrence of the surname(s).

Abiß (AbiB - Aubis)kuchler.htm
Adilsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Agnarsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Agnasson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Aignech (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Ailtlethan (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Alfarinsdatter (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, olafgudrodsson.htm
Alfsdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Alfgeirsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Algautsdotter (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Alreksson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm, grimhjaldursson.htm
Ambrose (de Ambrose) (unverified per Research Note)anjou.htm
Amersham ?quarles.htm
Anarawd (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Angantyrsdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Angantyrsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Angrimsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Angus (De Angus) (if research can be verified)scotland.htm
Anjou (d'Anjou) (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm, anjou.htm
Antony (d'Antony) ?maule.htm
Anvers (D'Anvers, Danvers, D'Alvers, De Alvers, Alvers) ?quarles.htm, danvers.htm, danvers-talemasche.htm
Arngrimsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Aron (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Arthen (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Attipsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Au (Eye), Aue, Awe, Owie, Auge, and possibly Auer (changed from Au to Eye in 1845)ap.htm
Aucher (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Aunsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Austen ?sutton.htm
Avranches (d'Avranches) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm, davranches.htm
(Back to Quick Links for Surnames)
Balun (Ballon, de Balun, de Ballon) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Banaster (if research can be verified)comyn.htm
Banckard ?jk.htm
Bar (Bär, Baer)jlab.htm?, ps.htm
Bardfeld/Barnfield (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Bardolf ?bruley.htm
Bardolfe (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
Barney ?danvers-talemasche.htm
Barrett (Barret) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Bassettmalet.htm (Research Note), hardreshull.htm
Baughman (related to Bachman/Bachmann of Mennonite and Swiss backgrounds)funkhouser.htm
Bayhall (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Beauchamp ?danvers.htm
Beaumont (de Beaumont / de Bellomont / Bellomont) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm, zouche.htm"; if research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm
Bec (de Bec) (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
Beisrudd (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Beli (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Bellnewby.htm and if research is verified, nyssen.htm
Belleme (De Belleme) (if research can be verified)fitzhamon
Bidun/Bidum (De Bidun/De Bidum) (if research can be verified)douglas.htm
Billingsley ?newby.htm, quarles.htm
Billung (unverified)louvain.htm This line needs verification. Still researching.
Bird/Byrd ?culpeper.htm The name shows up in records, but there are questions.
Bisher (Bescherer, Bescher, Bischer, Bischere, Besherer, Bischerer, Bishear, Beshiar, Beschever, Bescheer, Beescher, Beashear, Bishir, Byshire, Buysher, Bysheare)whj.htm, cb.htm
Bittmann (Pitman)cff.htm
Bjarnasson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Björnssonvikings.htm (mythical - Viking saga), stewart-de-angus.htm (if research can be verified) and scandinavia.htm (Viking legend)
Bjartmarsdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Blackskeen.htm, skene.htm, and speculated at wehmac.htm
Blaidd (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Blanford (Blandford) (if research can be verified)skeen.htm
Bleddri (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Bleddyn (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Boissey (de Boissey) ?braiose.htm
Bolgrach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Boltonwhj.htm, bm.htm
BorrellIf research can be verified, detoeni.htm
Boru (Bóruma) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
Bower (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Bowman (also seen as Bauman)mepf.htm
Braci (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Brancestre (de Brancestre, de Brancestor, Brancestor) ?danvers.htm
Brandli (Brand, Brandt, Braund, Brando, Brann, Braun, Bront)coffman.htm
Bretton (de Bretton) ?danvers.htm
Braose (Briouze, Braiose, Braos, de Briouze, de Braose / de Braiose / de Braos) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm, braiose.htm, and if research can be verified, deferrers.htm
Brecc (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Breg (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Brittany (De Brittany) (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm
Brobst (see Propst)
Brochfael (Brochwel) (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm, and if research can be verified, owain-madog.htm
Brown ?wehmac.htm
Bruce (Brus, De Brus, Brusse, De Brusse) (if research can be verified)scotland.htm, bruce.htm, brusse-brittany.htm
Bruere / Briwere (de Bruere) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Buadach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Bruley (de Bruley) ?quarles.htm, danvers.htm, bruley.htm
Buchan (if research can be verified)comyn.htm
Buck ?quarles.htm
Budlasdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Budlasson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Burgh (De Burgh) (if research can be verified)scotland.htm
Bute (if research can be verified)scotland.htm
(Back to Quick Links for Surnames)
Cadell (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm, and if research can be verified, owain-madog.htm
Cadfan (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Cadwaladr (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Cadwgon (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Cadwr (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Caellaide (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
Cáem (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Caen (De Caen) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm
Caisfiaclach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Cam (De Cam)newby.htm
Cambridge (de Cambridge) ?danvers.htm
Campbellwhj.htm, mepf.htm, funkhouser.htm
Cantelowe/Cantilupe/Cantelou (de Cantelowe, de Cantilupe, de Cantelou) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Capet (unverified)capet.htm
Caradog (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Carrick (if research can be verified)scotland.htm and galloway.htm
Cathwulf ?alfred-the-great.htm
Celes per Dutch records at New Amsterdam of the English surname Sales/Sayles/Seals/Seales (if research can be verified)nyssen.htm
Cétchathach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Charles (also see Quarles)newby.htm
Chaworth (de Chaworth) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm, if research can be verified of Quarles ancestry, also at quarles.htm
Cheney (Cheyney) ?quarles.htm
Chevauchesul (Chevanchesul) ?danvers-talemasche.htm
Cheyne (de Cheyne)aucher.htm
Cillin (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Clare (de Clare) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm; if research can be verified, scotland.htm and declare-fitzrobert.htm
Clermont (Claremont, de Clermont, de Claremont) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Cocton (de Cocton, Coughton, de Coughton) ?bruley.htm
Coffman (Kauffman)mepf.htm, coffman.htm
Comyn (if research can be verified)scotland.htm, comyn.htm and douglas-dunbar.htm
Conkling ?bm.htm
Conteville (de Conteville) (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
Corb (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Correole (de Correole) (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
Cosson ?wehmac.htm
Cotton (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Coughton (Cocton, de Coughton, de Cocton) ?bruley.htm
Couverts (Coverts, Coeverts) ?skeen.htm, nyssen.htm
Cowger (Gauger) ?Research Notemar.htm, email-from-jeff-carr-to-glenn-huffman.htm
Crabill (also Craibill, Creybill, Grabill, Krahenbühl)cff.htm, ccms.htm, uk.htm
Cranfordwhj.htm, wehmac.htm, cranford.htm
Crepon (de Crepon) (if research can be verified)fitzhamon.htm and detoeni.htm
Crispin (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm, capet.htm
Cruaidchelgach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Crummett * (Grommet, Grummet, Cromet, Crummit, Crummitt, Crommet, Krommet)wls.htm
Cuhelyn (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Culpepper/Culpeper/Colepeperbm.htm, pritchard.htm, culpeper.htm The name shows up in records, but there are questions.
Cumyn (if research can be verified)keith.htm
Cunedda (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Cynan (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm, and if research can be verified, also owain-madog.htm
Cynfyn (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
(Back to Quick Links for Surnames)
d'Ainon (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
d'Anjou (Anjou) (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm, anjou.htm
d'Antony (Antony) ?maule.htm
D'Anvers (Anvers, Danvers, D'Alvers, De Alvers, Alvers) ?quarles.htm, danvers.htm, danvers-talemasche.htm
d'Avranches (Avranches) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm, davranches.htm
d'Oilly (Oilly, d'Oyly, Oyly, d'Ouilly, Ouilly) ?danvers-talemasche.htm
d'Orleans (unverified)capet.htm
d'Ufford (De Ufford, Ufford) ?quarles.htm, ufford.htm
Dagsdatter/Dagsdotter (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Dagsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Dáire (mac Dáire) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Dane (if research can be verified)comyn.htm
Danpsdotter (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Dansson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Danvers (Anvers, D'Anvers, D'Alvers, De Alvers, Alvers) ?quarles.htm, danvers.htm, danvers-talemasche.htm
Danzielstour (if research can be verified)scotland.htm
Dayrell ?quarles.htm
Dda (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
de Ambrose (Ambrose) (unverified per Research Note)anjou.htm
De Angus (Angus) (if research can be verified)scotland.htm
de Balun (de Ballon, Balun, Ballon) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Bar-sur-Aube (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
de Beaumont (Beaumont / de Bellomont / Bellomont) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm, zouche.htm; if research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm
de Bec (Bec) (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
De Belleme (Belleme) (if research can be verified)fitzhamon
De Bidun/De Bidum (Bidun/Bidum) (if research can be verified)douglas.htm
de Boissey (Boissey) ?braiose.htm
de Braiose (de Briouze, de Braose / de Braos / Braose, Braiose, Briouze, Braos) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm, braiose.htm, and if research can be verified, deferrers.htm
de Brancestre (de Brancestor, Brancestor, Brancestre) ?danvers.htm
de Bretton (Bretton) ?danvers.htm
De Brittany (Brittany) (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm
de Bruere (Bruere, Briwere) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Bruley (Bruley) ?quarles.htm, danvers.htm
De Brus (Brus, Bruce, De Bruce, Brusse, De Brusse) (if research can be verified)scotland.htm, bruce.htm, brusse-brittany.htm
De Burgh (Burgh) (if research can be verified)scotland.htm
De Caen (Caen) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm
De Cam (Cam)newby.htm
de Cambridge (Cambridge) ?danvers.htm
de Cantelowe / de Cantilupe / de Cantelou (Cantelowe/Cantilupe/Cantelou) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
de Chaworth (Chaworth) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Cheyne (Cheyne)aucher.htm
de Clare (Clare) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm; if research can be verified, scotland.htm and declare-fitzrobert.htm
de Claremont (de Clermont, Claremont, Clermont) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Cocton (Cocton, Coughton, de Coughton) ?bruley.htm
de Conteville (Conteville) (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
de Correole (Correole) (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
de Coughton (Cocton, Coughton, de Cocton) ?bruley.htm
de Crepon (Crepon) (if research can be verified)fitzhamon.htm and detoeni.htm
de Dijon (Dijon) ?maule.htm
De Dunbar (Dunbar) (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm, douglas-dunbar.htm
de Ellesworth (Ellesworth) ?danvers.htm, knyvet.htm
De Ferrers (Ferrers, Ferrieres)(if research can be verified)scotland.htm, deferrers.htm
de Foliot (Foliot) ?danvers.htm, bruley.htm
De Forbes (Forbes)skeen.htm, skene.htm, deskene.htm
de Gael (Gael) (unverified per Research Note)zouche.htm; if research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm
de Galloway (Galloway) (unverified per Research Note)zouche.htm; if research can be verified, galloway.htm
Gander (De Gander)(if research can be verified)hamilton.htm
De Garlende (Garlende) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm
de Gloucester (Gloucester) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Gournai / de Gournay (Gournai / Gournay) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
de Grandmesnil (Grandmesnil) (unverified per Research Note)zouche.htm
de Grey (Grey)hardreshull.htm
de Guildford (Guildford) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
de Guines (Guines) (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
de Hacche (Hacche)hardreshull.htm
De Hamilton (Hamilton, De Hamiltoun, De Hambleton)(if research can be verified)deskene.htm, hamilton.htm
de Hardreshull (Hardreshull) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm, hardreshull.htm
de Haya (de la Haya, de la Haye, Haya, Hay) ?maule.htm
de Hesdin (Hesdin) (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm
de Hugleville (Hugleville) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
De Keith (Keith, Keth, De Keth) pending researchdeskene.htm, keith.htm, hamilton.htm
de Kinewarton (Kinewarton) ?bruley.htm
de la Haya (de la Haye, de Haya, Haya, Hay) ?maule.htm
de la Haye Auberie (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
de la Lee (la Lee) ?danvers.htm
De Lancaster (Lancaster) (if research can be verified)douglas.htm, deferrers.htm
De Landen (Landen) (unverified)charlemagne.htm
de Leybourne (Leybourne)aucher.htm
De Limesi (Limesi) (if research can be verified)douglas.htm
De Lindsay (Lindsay) (if research can be verified)douglas.htm
de Londoniis (Londoniis) (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm
de Lyne (Lyne) ?maule.htm
de Mandeville (Mandeville)aucher.htm
De Maravia (Maravia)deskene.htm
De Maule (Maule, Mile) ?danvers.htm, maule.htm
de Mayenne (Mayenne) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Meriet/De Meriet/De Merriott (Meriet/Meriet/Merriott)newby.htm
De Meschines (Meschines, Meschin, Le Meschin) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm, davranches.htm, declare-fitzrobert.htm
de Meulan (Meulan) (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
De Molle (Molle) (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm
de Montanolier (Montanolier) (if research can be verified)davranches.htm
de Montfort (Montfort) (unverified per Research Note)zouche.htm, and if research can be verified), bruce.htm
De Montgomery/Montgomerynewby.htm (possibly) and bruce.htm and fitzhamon and deferrers.htm (if research can be verified)
De Mortaigne (Mortagne, Mortaigne) (if research can be verified)deferrers.htm
de Morvois/Morvois (possibly fictitious)carolingians.htm
de Neufmarché (Neufmarché) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Northwode (Northwode)aucher.htm
de Pitlesden (Pitlesden) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
de Pitmmilly (Pitmmilly) ?maule.htm
de Pitres (Pitres, de Pistri, Pistri) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Pont-Audemer (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
De Ponteaudemer (Ponteaudemer) (if research can be verified)fitzhamon
de Quarles (Quarles, Qwarles, Querueles, Warfles, de Warfles, also see Charles) ?quarles.htm
de Quincy (Quincy) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm, zouche.htm, and if Quarles ancestry can be verified, maule.htm
de Roucy (de Rouci, Roucy, Rouci) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
De Samford (Samford) ?quarles.htm
de Sandwich (Sandwich)aucher.htm
de Say/de Sai (Say/Sai)aucher.htm
De Seton (Seton) (if research can be verified)keith.htm
De Skene (descendants seen as Skene, Skein and Skeen)ahj.htm, skeen.htm, skene.htm, deskene.htm
de Sordis (Sordis) ?maule.htm
de St. Clare (St. Clare) ?braiose.htm
De St. Hilary (St. Hilary / St. Hilaire) (unverified)If research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm
de St. Valéry (St. Valéry) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Studley (Studley) ?bruley.htm
De Synton (Synton, Sinton) (if research can be verified)keith.htm
de Talmadge (Talmadge, Talemasche, Thalmasche) ?danvers.htm, danvers-talemasche.htm
De Tickenham/DeTickenham (Tickenham)newby.htm
De Toeni (Toeni) (unverified)If research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm and detoeni.htm
de Totnes (de Totenais, Totnes, Totenais) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Troyes (Troyes) ?maule.htm
De Ufford (Ufford, d'Ufford) ?quarles.htm, ufford.htm
de Valognes (Valognes, Valoynes, Valoniis, de Valoniis) ?maule.htm
de Vaullibus (Vaullibus) ?maule.htm
De Vaux (Vaux) ?maule.htm
de Vieilles (Vieilles) (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
de Vermandois (Vermandois) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm, carolingians.htm
De Vitre (Vitre) (if research can be verified)deferrers.htm
De Vriesskeen.htm
De Waiet (Waiet) (unverified)If research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm
de Walerie (Walerie, Wallbee) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
de Wallingford (Wallingford) ?danvers-talemasche.htm
de Warfles (Warfles, Quarles, de Quarles, Qwarles, Querueles, also see Charles) ?quarles.htm
de Warwick (Warwick) ?danvers-talemasche.htm
de Worms (Worms) ?maule.htm
Dedad (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
DeFrain, DeFroehn, DeFrehn, du Frene, Frain, Froehn, Frene, Frehnawsk.htm
Demal (mac Demal) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Dentatus (if research can be verified)fitzhamon
Denyce (Denyse, De Nyse, De Nyssen) ?skeen.htm, nyssen.htm
Diarmata (mac Diarmata) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
Digges (Dygge)aucher.htm
Dijon (de Dijon) ?maule.htm
Dindaethwy (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Doimthech (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Dolffyn (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Domaldasson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Domarsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Donaldsonskeen.htm, skene.htm
Domnaill (mac Domnaill, Domnail) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
Donnchada (mac Donnchada) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
Doring ?luther.htm
Douglasskene.htm, deskene.htm, douglas.htm, douglas-dunbar.htm
Driftsdatter (Viking legend)grimhjaldursson.htm
Dunbar (De Dunbar)(if research can be verified)douglas-dunbar.htm, stewart-de-angus.htm
Duncansdatter (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm, davranches.htm
Dutt (Dut, Dutte, or Thut - changed to Toot in the 1750s)ps.htm
Dyall (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Dygge (Digges)aucher.htm
Dyfnwal (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Dyfnwallon (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
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Eason ?lassiter.htm
Eckard* (Also seen as Eckhart, Eckhardt, Egard, Acord, Acker, Escart, Eckart, Eckert, Ekert, Ecort, Ecker, Eckord, Ederd, changed from Egger in 1842)cjfj.htm, hjef.htm, ae.htm
Edern (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Ednywain (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm, and if research can be verified, owain-madog.htm
Edwin (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Einarsson (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm, davranches.htm
Einion (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm, and if research can be verified, also owain-madog.htm
Einudd (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Eiriksdatter (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Eiriksson (Viking legend)grimhjaldursson.htm
Egdirsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Elidyr (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Elise / Elisedd (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Elystan (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Ellesworth (de Ellesworth) ?danvers.htm, knyvet.htm
Emna (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Eppert (Erbart, Eperd, Ebert, Eppard)jk.htm
Eriksson (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
Eye* (Also seen as Au, Awe, Aue, Auge, and possibly Owie and Auer, changed from Au to Eye in 1845)ap.htm
Eylimasdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Eymundsdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Eysteinsson (unverified)capet.htm? and if research can be verified, brusse-brittany.htm, and detoeni.htm, olafgudrodsson.htm (Viking legend)
Eysteinsdatter (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Eyvinsdatter (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm, scandinavia.htm (Viking legend)
(Back to Quick Links for Surnames)
Fáid (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Fáil (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Fairecloth (Faircloth) (if research can be verified)nyssen.htm
Fáthach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Feidlech (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Fend (Faint)ae.htm
Fenner ?jlab.htm
Ferrers (De Ferrers, Ferrieres)(if research can be verified)scotland.htm, deferrers.htm
Finn (mac Finn) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
Finnalfsdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Finnfechtnach (Fionnfeachtnach) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Finnolach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Fisher (Fischer)cjfj.htm
Fithian ?bm.htm
fitz Alfred (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Fitz Corbucion ?bruley.htm
fitz Ralph ?bruley.htm
Fitz William (unverified per Research Note)zouche.htm
FitzAlan (fitzAlan)If research can be verified, stewart-de-angus.htm, douglas-dunbar.htm
FitzFlaald (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm
FitzGeoffrey ?danvers.htm
FitzGilbert (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
FitzHammon (FitzHamon, FitzHamo) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm, fitzhamon.htm
Fitznichol ?quarles.htm
FitzOsborne (FitzOsbern) (unverified)If research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm and detoeni.htm
FitzRichard (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
FitzRobertnewby.htm; (if research can be verified) bruce.htm, scotland.htm and declare-fitzrobert.htm
FitzRoger (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
FitzWalter (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm, (if research can be verified) stewart-de-angus.htm, scotland.htm and galloway.htm
Fjolnarsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Flaitel (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Foliot (de Foliot) ?danvers.htm, bruley.htm
Forbes (De Forbes)skeen.htm, skene.htm, deskene.htm
Ford ?lassiter.htm
Fornjotsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Fraserdeskene.htm, keith.htm (pending research), douglas-dunbar.htm (pending research)
Fridleifsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Frodasson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Frohlich ?luther.htm
Frostadotter (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Frostasson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Frych (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Funkhouser (Funkhauser, Fankhauser)cff.htm, mepf.htm, funkhouser.htm
(Back to Quick Links for Surnames)
Gael (de Gael) (unverified per Research Note)zouche.htm; if research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm
Gainsford (Gaynesford) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Galloway (de Galloway) (unverified per Research Note)zouche.htm; if research can be verified, galloway.htm
Gandalfsdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Gander (De Gander)(if research can be verified)hamilton.htm
Ganelon (if research can be verified)fitzhamon
Garb (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Gardiner ?bm.htm
Garlende (De Garlende) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm
Gauger (Cowger) ?Research Notemar.htm, email-from-jeff-carr-to-glenn-huffman.htm
Gautreksson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Gautsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Giffard (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm; if research can be verified, comyn.htm
Gifford (if research can be verified)keith.htm
Glas (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Gloucester (de Gloucester) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Glover ?sutton.htm
Glumra ?capet.htm
Gordon(if research can be verified)hamilton.htm
Gorsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Gournai / Gournay (de Gournai / de Gournay) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Goz (Le Goz) (if research can be verified)davranches.htm
Grabill (also Crabill, Craibill, Creybill, Krahenbühl)cff.htm, ccms.htm, uk.htm
Grandmesnil (de Grandmesnil) (unverified per Research Note)zouche.htm
Grey (de Grey)hardreshull.htm
Grimsson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Grogg* (likely from the German surname Gruck)esjl.htm, wls.htm
Grommett* (Crummett, Grummet, Cromet, Crummit, Crommet, Krommet)wls.htm
Gronwy (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Grove (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Gruyffydd (Gruffydd, Gruffudd) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm, and if research can be verified, also owain-madog.htm
Gudmundsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Gudraudsdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Gudrodsson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Guildford (de Guildford) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Guines (de Guines) (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
Gulby (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Gwair (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Gwaithfoed (Gwaethfoed) (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Gwerystan (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Gwrgant (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Gwriad (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Gwrydr (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Gwyn (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Gwynedd (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Gwynnan (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Gymersdotter (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
(Back to Quick Links for Surnames)
Hacche (de Hacche)hardreshull.htm
Hackman (earlier Hagman and Hoghman, later Hockman)zuppinger.htm
Hagman (later Hoghman, Hackman and Hockman)zuppinger.htm
Halfdansson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, olafgudrodsson.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Halfdansdotter/Halfdansdatter (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hamilton (De Hamilton, De Hamiltoun, De Hambleton)(if research can be verified)deskene.htm, hamilton.htm
Hampden ?quarles.htm
Hand ?sutton.htm
Hans (Hanns)ps.htm
Haraldsdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Haraldsson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hardreshull (de Hardreshull) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Hatch/Hatche/Hache/Hacche/Hecchesutton.htm, huckstep-hatch.htm
Hatter ?luther.htm
Haughton (being researched; may have been Lawton)newby.htm
Hay (Haya, de Haya, de la Haya, de la Haye) ?maule.htm
Havarsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Hearne (Herne, Heron)skeen.htm, hearne.htm
Heidreksdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Heidreksson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Heigham ?quarles.htm
Helgasson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, olafgudrodsson.htm
Helgadatter (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, grimhjaldursson.htm
Hergrimsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hersir (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Hesdin (de Hesdin) (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm
Hevener* (Heavener, Hoffner, Haeffner, Havenor) ?Research Note mar.htm, es.htm
Heytsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hicks (Hix)whj.htm, hicks.htm
Hillwhj.htm, lassiter.htm, wehmac.htm
Hinchley ?newby.htm
Hir (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Hirschi (Hirsch, Hershey, Hirshfeld, Hersh, Hersch and Herrscher)coffman.htm
Hjaldursson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Hjalmthersson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hlodversson (Viking legend)brusse-brittany.htm
Hockman (from Hoghman which was from Hagman)zuppinger.htm
Hoffmanunverified at luther.htm; is verified as a derivative of the maternal ancestral surname Huffman below.
Hofundsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hoghman (from Hagman and later spelled Hackman and Hockman)zuppinger.htm
Hognasson (Viking legend)capet.htm
Hooker (if research can be verified)hearne.htm
Hoover * (Hoovert, Huber, Hueber, Hover, changed from Huver in 1830)wls.htm
Hraereksson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hrimnirsdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hring (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Hringsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hroarsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Hrolfsson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Hrolfsdatter (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Hubbardnance.htm This line needs verification. Still researching.
Huckstep/Huckstepe/Hucstepesutton.htm, huckstep-hatch.htm
Hudsonnance.htm This line needs verification. Still researching.
Huffman* (Also seen as Hoffman)mar.htm, ap.htm
Hugleville (de Hugleville) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Hülff (Hulff)schworm.htm
Huntingdon (if research can be verified)bruce.htm
Huntington (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm
Hyfaidd (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Hywel (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
(Back to Quick Links for Surnames)
Iago (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm, and if research can be verified, owain-madog.htm
Idwal (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm, and if research can be verified, owain-madog.htm
Idwallon (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Ifor (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Igorevich (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm, kiev.htm
Imgel (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Ingerina (speculated) (unverified per Research Note)lothair-constance.htm
Ingjaldsson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, olafgudrodsson.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Ingleton ?quarles.htm
Ingvarsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Iorwerth (if research can be verified)scotland.htm, owain-madog.htm
Ironside (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Ithel (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Ivarsson ?capet.htm
Ivarsdatter (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Ivy (Ivey/Ivie)ebkj.htm
Iwrch (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
(Back to Quick Links for Surnames)
Jaeger (Yaeger, Yeager)?jlab.htm
Jans ? (if research can be verified)skeen.htm, nyssen.htm
Johnson (possibly Johnston or Johnstone)root.htm, whj.htm, ahj.htm (origin of name), Johnston seen at skene.htm, and possibly lassiter.htm
Jokulsson/Jokullsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Jorundsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Jost (Jest, Jeste, Joce, Joyce, Jose, Joist, Jost, Joust, Joost, Just, Yost)cn.htm
Jung ?Research Note es.htm
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Karasson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Kauffman (Coffman)coffman.htm
Kearns (Keerans, and likely Kerns, Carns, Currins, Currans)whj.htm, wehmac.htm
Keith (De Keith, De Keth, Keth)deskene.htm, keith.htm (if research can be verified), hamilton.htm (if research can be verified)
Kennedy (if research can be verified)deskene.htm
Ketilsdatter (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Kiesling (Kiessling, Kissling, Kisling, Keslin, Keisling)awsk.htm
Kinewarton (de Kinewarton) ?bruley.htm
King ?ebkj.htm
Kinriksdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Kiser* (Kaiser, Kayser, Kaӱser, Keiser)hjef.htm, jk.htm
Kjarvalssdatter (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm
Kneisley/Knicely (Knicley, Nicely, Knüssli)coffman.htm
Knolles (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Knyvet (Knevet) ?danvers.htm, knyvet.htm
Köhler (Kohler)kuchler.htm
Kolodzie (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Kols ?luther.htm
Krahenbühl (also Krahenbuhl, ancestry of Crabill, Craibill, Creybill, Grabill)ccms.htm, uk.htm
Küchler/Kuchlermar.htm, kuchler.htm
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la Lee (de la Lee) ?danvers.htm
la Zouche (la Zusche, Zouche, Zusche) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm, zouche.htm
Labrainne (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Ladrach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Lamb (Lamm)* (Also Lam/Lamm, changed from Lamm in 1832)hjef.htm
Lancaster (De Lancaster) (if research can be verified)douglas.htm, deferrers.htm
Landen (De Landen) (unverified)charlemagne.htm
Lassiter (Lasater, Lasiter, Lassater, Lasetter, Laseter, Lester, Leister)wehmac.htm, lassiter.htm
Laughlin (Loflin, Loftin, Lochlin, Laughten, Loflan, Lofton)whj.htm, loflin.htm, wehmac.htm
Lautenschläger (Lautenschlager)jbr.htm
Lawhir (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Lawton (being researched as a possibilty instead of Haughton)newby.htm
Layman (Lehman)cff.htm, cs.htm
Le Goz (Goz) (if research can be verified)davranches.htm
Le Meschin (De Meschines, Meschin, Meschines) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm, davranches.htm, declare-fitzrobert.htm
Le Poure ?danvers-talemasche.htm
Le Riche (Riche) ?maule.htm
Lebarre ?quarles.htm
Lehman (Layman)cff.htm, cs.htm
Leinfnisson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Lessley (Lesley)(if research can be verified)hamilton.htm
Lewes ?lassiter.htm
Leybourne (de Leybourne)aucher.htm
Liechti (Liechty, Lichdi, Lichty, Leichty, Leighty, Leichti, Liechti)ccms.htm
Liègarde (unverified)carolingians.htm
Limesi (De Limesi) (if research can be verified)douglas.htm
Lindsay (De Lindsay) (if research can be verified)douglas.htm
Lingel (Lingle)jk?, and awsk.htm
Livingstone (if research can be verified)deskene.htm
Lles (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Lludica (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Llywelyn (Llewelyn, Llywelyn) (unverified per Research Note)braiose, wales-mercia and if research can be verified, scotland.htm and owain-madog.htm
Llywarch (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia, and if research can be verified, also owain-madog.htm
Lodbrok/Lothbrok (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Lofdasson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Loflin (Laughlin, Loftin, Lochlin, Laughten, Loflan, Lofton)whj.htm, loflin.htm, wehmac.htm
Loígde (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Londoniis (de Londoniis) (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm
Longsword (Longue-Épée) (unverified)capet.htm
Lorc (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Lorcáin (mac Lorcáin) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
Lorens (if research can be verified)keith.htm
Löw (Low)kuchler.htm
Luaigne (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Lucas ? (if research can be verified)skeen.htm, nyssen.htm
Lucombe ?danvers.htm
Luder ? (see Luther)luther.htm
Lusc (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Luther (which is verified but seen in unverified ancestries also as Luder and Von Ludder and Von Lutere)wehmac.htm, luther.htm
Luyster ? skeen.htm
Lyne (de Lyne) ?maule.htm
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mac Dáire (Dáire) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
mac Demal (Demal) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
mac Diarmata (Diarmata) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
mac Domnaill (Domnaill, Domnail) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
mac Donnchada (Donnchada) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
mac Finn (Finn) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
mac Lorcáin (Lorcáin) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
mac Máel (Máel) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
mac Maenach (Maenach) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
mac Main(Main) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
mac Rothechtaid (Rothechtaid) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
MacCearbhall (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm
MacDunghal (Viking/Irish legend)scandinavia.htm
Macfearghal (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm, scandinavia.htm (Viking legend)
MacMurrough (Mac Murchada, mac Murchadh, McMurrough) (unverified per Research Note)braiose, leinster.htm
Máel (mac Máel) (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
Madog(if research can be verified)scotland.htm, owain-madog.htm
Maelgwn (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Maggs ?culpeper.htm
Malbank (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
Malet (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm (Research Note), malet.htm and if research can be verified, bruce.htm
Mallow (Mallo) ?Research Note mar.htm
Mallowes (if research can be verified)hearne.htm
Mandeville (de Mandeville)aucher.htm
Mannesson (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Már (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Mar (if research can be verified)scotland.htm
Maravia (De Maravia)deskene.htm
Maredudd (Maredydd) (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm, and if research can be verified, also owain-madog.htm
Markett (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Marshal / Marischal / Mareschall (unverified per Research Note)aucher.htm, braiose.htm (unverified per Research Note)
Martel (unverified)charlemagne.htm
Martiniakoi (speculated) (unverified per Research Note)lothair-constance.htm
Maud(if research can be verified)deferrers.htm
Maule (De Maule, Mile) ?danvers.htm, maule.htm
Mauser* (Müser/Müsser)ps.htm
Mawr (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Mayenne (de Mayenne) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Mayer ?Research Note es.htm
Mayo ?pritchard.htm, culpeper.htm The name shows up in records, but there are questions
Mercerskene.htm, deskene.htm
Merfyn (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Meriet/Meriet/Merriott (de Meriet/De Meriet/De Merriott)newby.htm
Meschines / Meschin (De Meschines, Le Meschin) (if research can be verified)bruce.htm, davranches.htm, declare-fitzrobert.htm
Meulan (de Meulan) (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
Meurig (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm, and if research can be verified, owain-madog.htm
Mile (Maule, De Maule) ?danvers.htm, maule.htm
Millerowf.htm, mar.htm ?Research Note
Mills ?wehmac.htm
Molbthach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Molle (De Molle) (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm
Molwynog (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Montanolier (de Montanolier) (if research can be verified)davranches.htm
Montfort (de Montfort) (unverified per Research Note)zouche.htm and bruce.htm (if research can be verified)
Montgomery/De Montgomerynewby.htm (possibly) and bruce.htm and fitzhamon and deferrers.htm (if research can be verified)
Mór (Mor) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Morda (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
More (Mure) (if research can be verified)scotland.htm
Morganeu (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Morien (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Mormaer (if research can be verified)comyn.htm
Mortaigne (Mortagne, De Mortaigne) (if research can be verified)deferrers.htm
Mortimer (unverified per Research Note)malet.htm
Morvois/de Morvois (possibly fictitious)carolingians.htm
Mucna (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Müller (Muller)cn.htm, coffman.htm
Munchain (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Munfode (if research can be verified)douglas-dunbar.htm
Mure (More) (if research can be verified)deskene.htm
Musgraves (if research can be verified)hearne.htm
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Naegel ?luther.htm
Náir (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Nance (also seen as Nantes, Nantz, Naantz)wehmac.htm, nance.htm
Nashowf.htm, jn.htm
Neiniad (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Neit (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Neuenschwandermepf.htm, ccms.htm, cn.htm
Neufmarché (de Neufmarché) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Newby (also seen in records as Neuby, Neubi, Newbie, Nubi)bm.htm, newby.htm
Northwode (de Northwode)aucher.htm
Norsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Norton (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Nose ?capet.htm
Nuadat (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Nyssen (De Nyssen, De Nyse, Denyse, Denyce) ?skeen.htm, nyssen.htm
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O'Braenain (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
O'Olaf (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
O'Toole (Ní Tuathail) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm, leinster.htm
Obliger (Oppliger)cs.htm
Odinsson (Viking legend)vikings.htm
Oilly (d'Oilly, d'Oyly, Oyly, d'Ouilly, Ouilly) ?danvers-talemasche.htm
Olafsson/Olavsson (if research can be verified)capet.htm, brusse-brittany.htm, scandinavia.htm (Viking legend), olafgudrodsson.htm (Viking legend), sigurdragnarsson.htm (Viking legend)
Olcháin (Olchain) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Ollamh (Olum) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Olmucaid (Olmucada) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Olofsdotter (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
Onfror (if research can be verified)davranches.htm
Onundsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Oppliger (Obliger)cs.htm
Opswell ?danvers.htm
Orleans (d'Orleans) (unverified)capet.htm
Osbern (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Osborne (Osbourn)skeen.htm
Ottarsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Owain(if research can be verified)scotland.htm, owain-madog.htm
Owie (Eye/Au)* (Also seen as Awe, Aue, Auge, and possibly Auer, changed from Au to Eye in 1845)ap.htm
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Paen (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Pagnel (Paynel)newby.htm and if research can be verified, bruce.htm
Paske (if research can be verified)hearne.htm
Paveley (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Paynel (Pagnel)newby.htm and if research can be verified, bruce.htm
Pearl (Pearle) (if research can be verified)nyssen.htm
Peverel (Peverell)(if research can be verified)deferrers.htm
Pfeiffer (see next 2 surnames)See below
Pieferin (also seen as Pfeiffer)awsk.htm
Pifer (Pfeiffer, Pfeifer, Piper, Fifer)owf.htm, mepf.htm
Pill (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Pitlesden (de Pitlesden) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Pitres (de Pitres, de Pistri, Pistri) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Pitman (Bittmann)cff.htm
Pitmmilly (de Pitmmilly) ?maule.htm
Plumsted ?quarles.htm
Ponteaudemer (De Ponteaudemer) (if research can be verified)fitzhamon
Powys (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Preiser ?luther.htm
Priest ?quarles.htm
Pritchard (Prechet)bm.htm, pritchard.htm
Propst* (Probst, Props, Propts, Prospts, Propstin; Proops noting the German "oo" pronounced as a long "o" per Brobst, p. 4; Brobst - not to be confused with the Swiss Brobst/Probst family; Brofpts/Brospts)hjef.htm, awsk.htm, mar.htm, ap.htm, ae.htm, email-from-jeff-carr-to-glenn-huffman.htm
Puchbachin ?luther.htm
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Quarles (de Quarles, Qwarles, Querueles, Warfles, de Warfles, also see Charles) ?newby.htm, quarles.htm
Quartermain ?danvers.htm
Quincy/de Quincy (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm, zouche.htm, and if Quarles ancestry can be verified, maule.htm
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Radbartsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Ragnarsson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Ramsey (if research can be verified)bruce.htm
Randulph (Randolph)(if research can be verified)hamilton.htm, douglas-dunbar.htm
Randversson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Randversson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Raumsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Rechtmar (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Réoderg (Riab nDerg) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Regenwaldsdatter (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm
Rersson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Rexrode* (Rixrer, Rixroth, Rixrod, Rexrod, Rexroad, Rexrodt, Recksrodt)hjef.htm, ap.htm, wls.htm
Rhodri (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Rhun (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Rhys (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Riche (Le Riche) ?maule.htm
Riddick ?lassiter.htm
Ridley (if research can be verified)hearne.htm
Rígderg (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Rigsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Ringelheim (unverified)carolingians.htm
Riurikovich (unverified per Research Note)kiev.htm
Roberts (if research can be verified)deferrers.htm
Robbins ?bm.htm
Rodes (Roth), also seen as Rhodes and Roadsmepf.htm
Roesch (Rösch)ps.htm
Rognvaldsson (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm
Rognvaldsdatter (if research can be verified)capet.htm
Roper (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Rothechtaid (mac Rothechtaid) (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Roucy (Rouci, de Roucy, de Rouci) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Ruad (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Ruleman/Ruhlman/Ruhlmann/Rhulmann* (Rollman, Roleman, Ruhlmann, Rolman, Ruhleman, Rubman)ae.htm, ap.htm?
Russell ?danvers.htm
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Sáeglach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Sales (Sayles/Seals/Seales - English, but also transcribed Celes per Dutch Records at New Amsterdam) (if research can be verified)nyssen.htm
Samford (De Samford) ?quarles.htm
Sander ?luther.htm
Sandwich (de Sandwich)aucher.htm
Say/Sai (de Say/de Sai)aucher.htm
Schmidt* (maternal Smith surname changed to Smith in 1831source)hjef.htm, ap.htm, wls.htm, esjl.htm
Schnepp/Schneppff (Snapp)cff.htm
Schonauermepf.htm, zuppinger.htm
Schwormjpbp.htm, schworm.htm
Scefing (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Seals (Seales/Sales/Sayles/Celes) (if research can be verified)nyssen.htm
Sedley (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Seferws (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Segamain (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Segersèll (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm, vikings.htm
Seibert* (Seybert) ?Research Note mar.htm, es.htm
Seisyll (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Seton (De Seton) (if research can be verified)keith.htm
Shattuck (Shattocke, Shattock, Shaddock, Shadduck, Shaddick, errantly written as Shatluck in recent genealogies)bm.htm
Shawwehmac.htm, luther.htm
Short ?wehmac.htm
Sigarsson (Viking legend)vikings.htm
Sigmundsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Sigtrygsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Sigurdsdatter (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Sigurdsson (Viking legend)brusse-brittany.htm, sigurdragnarsson.htm
Simmons* (Sieman, Siemon, Simon, changed from Simmon in 1836)hjef.htm, wls.htm, esjl.htm
Simons (Symons, Symonds)bm.htm
Simpson (Sympson)newby.htm
Sinton (Synton, De Synton) (if research can be verified)keith.htm
Sírchréchtach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Skaanoyskjelmer (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Skeen (also seen as Skene, Skein, Skeine, Skain, Skaine, Scheen, Skean, Skeyne, Skeene and ancestors as De Skene)ahj.htm, skeen.htm, skene.htm, deskene.htm
Skötkonung (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
Skjoldsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm, grimhjaldursson.htm
Skelfisson (Viking legend)grimhjaldursson.htm
Skulasson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Smith* (maternal Smith surname changed from Schmidt in 1831source)hjef.htm, ap.htm, wls.htm, esjl.htm, wehmac.htm
Snaersdotter (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Snaersson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Snapp (Schnepp/Schnepff)cff.htm
Soals (Soales/Soles/Sole) (if research can be verified)nyssen.htm
Solfasson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Solgasson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Sommerland (Sommerlade)jk.htm
Sordis (de Sordis) ?maule.htm
Spengler ?Research Note es.htm
St. Clare (de St. Clare) ?braiose.htm
St. Hilary (De St. Hilary / St. Hilaire) (unverified)If research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm
St. Valéry (de St. Valéry) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Stafford (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm, hardreshull.htm
Starksdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Stauffer (Stouffer, Stover)mepf.htm, ccms.htm, ns.htm, stauffer.htm
Stephens (Stäffen, Stauffen, Steffen, Stephen, Stephan)ps.htm
Steward (if research can be verified)douglas.htm
Stewart (if research can be verified)deskene.htm, douglas.htm, scotland.htm, douglas-dunbar.htm
Stickley (Stöckli)strickler.htm
Store(if research can be verified)hamilton.htm
Storràda (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Stouffer (Stover, Stauffer)mepf.htm, ccms.htm, ns.htm, stauffer.htm
Stover (Stouffer, Stauffer)mepf.htm, ccms.htm, ns.htm, stauffer.htm
Stricklermepf.htm, strickler.htm
Strongbow (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Studley (de Studley) ?bruley.htm
Sucree ?wehmac.htm
Supinger (Zuppinger)mepf.htm, zuppinger.htm
Sutton ?newby.htm
Surratt (Suratt, Surratee, Sarratt, Sarrat, Serratt, Serut)wehmac.htm
Suttonsutton.htm, newby.htm
Svaflamasdatter (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Svegdasson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Sviatoslavich (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
Svidrasson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Symons (Simons, Symonds)bm.htm
Sympson (Simpson)newby.htm
Synton (De Synton, Sinton) (if research can be verified)keith.htm
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Taillard ?danvers-talemasche.htm
Talemasche (Thalmasche, Talmadge, de Talmadge) ?danvers.htm, danvers-talemasche.htm
Talvas (if research can be verified)fitzhamon
Techtmar (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Tegid (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Temrach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Thommen, a Swiss name, patronymic from a short form of Thomasstrickler.htm
Thorfinnsson (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm, davranches.htm
Thorrasson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Thorsteinsdottir (if research can be verified)brusse-brittany.htm
Throndsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Tickenham (De Tickenham/DeTickenham)newby.htm
Tildensutton.htm, newby.htm
Tinsleynance.htm This line needs verification. Still researching.
Titus (Tites)skeen.htm
Toeni (De Toeni) (unverified)If research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm and detoeni.htm
Tolgrach (likely fictitious - Irish legend)ireland.htm
Tonges ?luther.htm
Toot (See Dutt above)ps.htm
Toste (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Totnes (Totenais, de Totnes, de Totenais) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Trahaearn (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Troup (if research can be verified)deskene.htm
Troyes (de Troyes) ?maule.htm
Tryffin (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Tuathail (O'Toole) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm, leinster.htm
Tuntematon ?maule.htm
Turdur (if research can be verified)owain-madog.htm
Tynedale (if research can be verified)comyn.htm
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Ufford (De Ufford, d'Ufford) ?quarles.htm, ufford.htm?
Ulfhamr (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Ulfiusson (if research can be verified)stewart-de-angus.htm
Uppsale (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Urchadh (unverified per Research Note)leinster.htm
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Valdarsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Valognes (de Valognes, Valoynes, Valoniis, de Valoniis) ?maule.htm
Van Brunt (if research can be verified)nyssen.htm
Vanlandasson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Vatnarsson (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm, grimhjaldursson.htm
Vaullibus (de Vaullibus) ?maule.htm
Vaux (De Vaux) ?maule.htm
Veltin? (theorized)ps.htm
Vermandois (de Vermandois) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm, carolingians.htm
Vermundsson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Verney ?quarles.htm
Vidfamne (mythical - Viking saga)vikings.htm
Vieilles (de Vieilles) (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
Vikarsson (Viking legend)grimhjaldursson.htm
Vikingsdatter (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
Visbursson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Vitre (De Vitre) (if research can be verified)deferrers.htm
Volsungsson (Viking legend)sigurdragnarsson.htm
Von Ludder / Von Lutere ? (See Luther)luther.htm
von Spoleto (unverified)charlemagne.htm
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Waggy*, Wege, Wagey, Wagy, Waga, Wage (changed from Wage in 1839)hjef.htm, ap.htm, awsk.htm
Waiet (De Waiet) (unverified)If research can be verified, declare-fitzrobert.htm
Walerie (de Walerie, Wallbee) (unverified per Research Note)braiose.htm
Wallingford (de Wallingford) ?danvers-talemasche.htm
Waller (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Warfles (de Warfles, Quarles, de Quarles, Qwarles, Querueles, also see Charles) ?quarles.htm
Warwick (de Warwick) ?danvers-talemasche.htm
Warwickshire ?bruley.htm
Webb (Web, Webs)ebkj.htm, skeen.htm
Weberzuppinger.htm, ps.htm
Weiss (Weis, Wise, Weisz, Weese, Wease, Weaze, Wies, Wees)awsk.htm
Wether (Viking legend)scandinavia.htm
White ?bm.htm
Wledig (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Woodcock (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm
Worms (de Worms) ?maule.htm
Wright (if research can be verified)skeen.htm
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Yaroslavna (unverified per Research Note)beaumont-vermandois.htm
Yngvasson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Yngvi-Freysson (Viking legend)olafgudrodsson.htm
Ynyr (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
Yrth (unverified per Research Note)wales-mercia.htm
(Back to Quick Links for Surnames)
Zaoutzaina (speculated) (unverified per Research Note)lothair-constance.htm
Zorn (Zornes)
Note: This surname is questioned, but circumstantial evidence makes it likely.
Zouche (Zusche, la Zusche, la Zouche) (unverified per Research Note)culpeper.htm, zouche.htm
Zuppinger (Supinger)mepf.htm, zuppinger.htm

* Surname found in St. Michael's Lutheran-Reformed Church, Pendleton County, West Virginia, Church register/baptismal book.

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James Arthur Johnson - DNA Information from and elsewhere.

I am 99.9% European according to 23andMe. Here is the breakdown:

Northwestern European 95.0%
British & Irish 36.6%
French & German 29.3%
Scandinavian 3.0%
Finnish 0.0%
Broadly Northwestern European 26.1%
Southern European 2.3%
Italian 1.2%
Sardinian 0.0%
Iberian 0.0%
Balkan 0.0%
Broadly Southern European 1.2%
Eastern European 0.9%
Ashkenazi 0.0%
Broadly European 1.7%
Unassigned: 0.1% (discovered to be from my mother's DNA having 0.6% Sub-Saharan/West African)

However, Gencove suggests I am 88% Northern and Central European, 10% Eastern Mediterranean and 2% Finnish. And FTDNA suggests that I am 97% European, less than 1% East Middle East, less than 1% South American and less than 2% Southeast European. And MyHeritage suggests that I am 100% European with 86.5% North and West Europe (50.4% North and West European, 34.3% English and 1.8% Finnish), 7.6% South Europe (Iberian), 5.9% Ashkenazi Jewish and 0% Eastern Europe.

Here is my paternal make-up according to 23andMe:

Northwestern European 48.7%
British & Irish 20.6%
French & German 17.2%
Scandinavian 0.6%
Finnish 0.0%
Broadly Northwestern European 9.1%
Southern European 0.4%
Italian 0.0%
Sardinian 0.0%
Iberian 0.0%
Balkan 0.0%
Broadly Southern European 0.4%
Eastern European 0.0%
Ashkenazi 0.0%
Broadly European 0.7%
Unassigned: 0.0%

Here is my maternal make-up according to 23andMe:

Northwestern European 51.2%
British & Irish 16.0%
French & German 12.1%
Scandinavian 2.4%
Finnish 0.0%
Broadly Northwestern European 17.0%
Southern European 1.9%
Italian 1.2%
Sardinian 0.0%
Iberian 0.0%
Balkan 0.0%
Broadly Southern European 0.8%
Eastern European 0.9%
Ashkenazi 0.0%
Broadly European 0.9%
Unassigned: 0.1% (discovered to be from my mother's DNA having 0.6% Sub-Saharan/West African)

According to Gencove, I am 88% Northern and Central European, 10% Eastern Mediterranean and 2% Finnish.

According to FTDNA, I am 97% European, less than 1% East Middle East, less than 1% South American and less than 2% Southeast European.

GEDmatch and other DNA users: Generations list to help with MRCA (most recent common ancestor), Y-DNA (direct paternal line from my father) and Mitochondrial DNA (direct maternal line through my mother's mitochondiral DNA and back)

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Research last updated March 16, 2019.

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